e_= — ==_ Vol. XVI. * No. 1 1 THE CANADIAN NURSE AND HOSPITAL REVIEW^ Owned and Published Monthly by the Canadian National Association of Trained Nurses PRINTED BY EVANS & HASTINGS, VANCOUVER, B.C. Registered at Ottawa, Canada, as Second-Class MatteV NOVEMBER, 1920 Page The Nurse — A Teacher of Health in the School 649 Lectures on The History of Nursing 653 The Visiting Nurse as a Health Teacher 557 Teaching Practical Nursing 659 The Teaching of Bacteriology to Nurses 661 International Nursing Stucjents 664 Editorial 665 Letters to the Editor 666 Canadian Nurses' Association 667 News from the Medical World 658 Public Health Nursing Department 670 Department of Nursing Education 673 The World's Pulse 675 Canadian Army Medical Nursing Service Department 677 The Nurses' Library 682 Hospitals and Nurses 683 AH Communications to be addressed to the Editor and Business Manager, Vancouver Block, Vancouver, B. C. Subscription, 92.00 a Year Single Copy, 20 cent» no nor ^^^^^ ^^ second-class matter March 19, 1905, at the Post OfRce at Buffalo. X. Y., under the DR USE IN -^^^ °' Congress of March 3, 1897. LIBRARY ============== ONLY BOOKS For Nurses and for Training Schools SURGICAL EQUIPMENTS For Nurses, Hospitals and Physicians CHASE HOSPITAL DOLL We are Canadian Agents FROHSE CHARTS The Ideal Charts for Teaching —We are Canadian Agents Send us ^our orders Literature and prices gladly given INGRAM & BELL LIMITED TORONTO NURSES' and HOSPITAL SURGICAL SUPPLY HOUSE GERMieiDAL SOAP A Cleansing Soap and Valuable Antiseptic all in one ^ Physicians and Nurses use this valuable Soap after being in contact with contagious diseases. ^ It is also employed by surgeons with splendid results for preparing antiseptic solutions, as it does not corrode their nickel or steel instruments. ^ It is a pure neutral soap base, to which has been added sufficient Mercuric Iodide to make it a valuable and power- ful germicide and an efficient deodorant. SUPPLIES OF THE SOAP ARE OBTAINABLE FROM DRUGGISTS WRITE US FOR DESCRIPTIVE LITERATURE Parke. Oavis & 6ompanv WALKERVILLE. ONT. Montreal Branch: Winnipeg Depot: 45 St. Alexander Street, Keewayden Building, Read Building. Portage Ave., East. THE CANADIAN NURSE 645 Like a Soldier the trained nurse must keep herself physically and mentally "fit". Physical and nervous strain impair the functional activity of body cells and bring about a depletion of those salts involved in the building of tissue and repair. Syrup Hypophosphites Comp. (FELLOWS) supplies the needed chemical salts together with the dynamic properties of quinine and strychnine. Syru/> Hvpophosphites Comp. (^Fellows) is a rcconstricctive tonic, pleasant to take, and efficiejit in results. Its steadily increasing use by the viedical and nursing profession for 7nany years is the best evidence of its worth. HAVE YOU TRIED IT? Samples and literature to nurses on request FELLOWS MEDICAL MFG. CO., Inc. 26 Christopher Street NEW YORK NEW BOOKS BACTERIOLOGY FOR NURSES — Elementary bacteriology needed by the student nurse during the beginning of her work. By M. E. Morse, M.D. 133 pages. Illus- trated. Ç1.25. SURGICAL NURSING— A guide to modern surgical technic. By Frederick C. Warn- shuis, M.D. 277 pages. 255 illustrations. $2.75. THE SCHOOL NURSE — A text-book containing full information on school nursing. By Lina Rogers Struthers, R.N. 292 pages. 24 illustrations. $1.75. THE TUBERCULOSIS NURSE — A hand-book for practical workers in tuberculosis campaign. By Ellen N. La Motte, R.N. 292 pages. $1.50. OBSTETRICS FOR NURSES— New fifth edition. By Joseph B. DeLee, M.D. 550 pages. 235 illustrations. $3.00. The J. F. Hartz Co. Limited Sickroom Supplies 24-26 Hay ter Street TORONTO 646 THE CANADIAN NURSE the Central Registry Graduate Nurses Supply Nurses any hour day or night. Phone 162 HAMILTON ONTARIO THE WOMAN'S HOSPITAL in the State of New York West llOth Street, New York City 150 Cynecologrical Beds 50 Obstetrical Beds Offers to graduate nurses of hospitals giving at least a two years' course, and to Training Schools desiring an affiliation, a six months' course in Gynecological and Obstetrical Nurs- ing, Sterilizing and Operating Room Technic, Out Patient and Cystoscopic Clinics, Hospital Administration and Ward Management. A well-planned series of lectures is given by members of the Attending Staff and the Pathologists, supplemented with class work under a Resident Instructor. Classes are formed every second month. A Diploma is awarded to those passing the required exam- inations, and the privilege of a Registry is extended to the graduates of the School. A Three Months' Practical Course in the following subjects is also offered : (i) Gynecological Nursing, with Sterilizing and Operating Room Technic ; (2) Obstetrical Nursing, with Delivery Room Technic. The Nurses' Home, an eight-story, fireproof building, with reception and class-rooms, ad- joins the Hospital. An allowance of $25.00 per month, with maintenance, is made to each nurse. Further particulars will be furnished on re- quest. JOSEPHINE H COMBS, R. N., Directress of Nurses. JAMES U. NORRIS, Superintendent of the Hospital. PRINTING Evans & Hastings High-Class Art, Legal and Commercial Printers 578 Seymour Street Vancouver, B.C. We Specialize in Publications and Annual Reports The Central Registry of Graduate Nurses Begs to inform the physi- cians of Ontario that they are prepared to furnish private and visiting nurses at any hour — day or night. TELEPHONE MAIN 3680 295 Shcf bourne Street, TORONTO MISS EWING REGISTRAR Graduate Sick Children'i Hospital Toronto THE CANADIAN NURSE 647 T BUILD UP BRACE UP TONE UP Supplied in 11-ounce bottles only^never in bulk. Samples and literature sent upon request. Prescribe original bottle to avoid substitution. In ANY form of DEVITALIZATION prescribe *p€ptt'/\ôi\$dA (Qudz) Elspecially useful in ANEMIA of All Varieties: CHLOROSIS: AMENORRHEA: BRIGHT'S DISEASE: CHOREAs TUBERCULOSIS: RICKETS: RHEUMATISM: MAURIA: MALNUTRITION: CONVALESCENCE: As a GENERAL SYSTEMIC TONIC After LA GRIPPE, TYPHOID, Etc. DOSE: One tablespoonful after each mesJ. Children in proportion. M; J. BREITENBACH COMPANY New York, U.S. A. Our Bacteriological Wall Chart or our Differential Diagnosis Chart will be sent to any Physician UF>on request. LEEMING-MILES CO., LTD.. Montreal, Canad Ian Agent». M ALTINE With CASCARA S AGRA DA For Constipation and Hemorrhoids CASCARA SAGRADA is acknowledged to be the best and most effective laxative know, producing painless and satisfactory movements. Combined with the nutritive, tonic and digestive properties of Maltine, it forms a preparation far excelling the various pills and potions which possess only purgative elements. The latter more or less violently FORCE the action of the bowels, and distress- ing reaction almost invariably follows, while Maltine with Cascara Sagrada ASSISTS NA- TURE, and instead of leaving the organs in an exhausted condition, so strengthens and in- vigorates them that their normal action is soon permanently restored. FOR SALE BY ALL DRUGGISTS The MALTINE COMPANY 88 Wellington Street We«t, TORONTO WEDDING CAKES A SPECIALTY COLES Caterer and Manufacturing Confectioner 719 Yongc Street, Toronto The Graduate Nurses* Residence and Registry PHONE SHERBROOKE 6ao DAY OR NIGHT 753 WoUeley Ave., WINNIPEG 648 THE CANADIAN NURSE LISTERINE is an antiseptic aid to the professional nurse; it is readily obtainable and contributes much to the comfort of the patient because of the satisfactory results attending its employment in the sick room. LISTERINE is very acceptable to the bed-ridden and con- valescent because of its agreeable odor. A refreshing sense of cleanliness follows its use. in suitable dilution, as a mouth-wash, lotion or sponge bath. LISTERINE may be utilized as a wash, spray or douche, and has a wide range of usefulness that is referred to specifically in the literature we shall gladly mail, with a 3-ounce sample bottle, to any registered nurse, on request. LAMBERT PHARMACAL COMPANY Twenty-first and Locust StreeU ST. LOUIS, Mo.. U.S.A. 66 Gerrard Street. TORONTO We can make SPECIAL FORMS exactly duplicating any hand. Can put name on any gloves so that it will not sterilize off. Insure to your own use the gloves you pay for. Specialists in the manufacture of SEAMLESS RUBBER GOODS of every description The only makers of SEAMLESS RUBBER GLOVES in Canada Sterling Rubber Company Limited Guelph. Ontario ®. B. Elian DiamonS Specialist Manufacturing: Jeweler, Watchmaker Gold and Silversmith, Optician, etc. Diamonds and other precious stones Cut Glass Sterling and Plated Silverware Community Silver Cutlery Leather Goods Genuine French Ivory Watches— Pocket and Wrist Umbrellas, high grade Optical Goods, etc., etc. CLASS PllfS, TROPHIES, MEDALS, ETC. Made to Order WATCHES AND JEWELRY REPAIRED In the best possible manner 480 s 486 ©rauvllle Street (Corner of p<:n^cr) Vancouver, 33. Œ. THE CANTEDIAN NURSE n Monthly Journal for the Nursing Profession In Canada Editor and Business Manager MISS HELEN RANDAL. R.N. Vol. XVI. Vancolvhr, B.C., N'ove.mbf.r, 1920 No. 11 Officers of the Canadi.an National Association of Trained Nurses, 1920-1921 President MISS E. MacP. DICKSON Toronto Free Hospital, Weston, Ont. First Vice-President MISS JEAN BROWNE, R.N. Regina, Sask. Second Vice-President MISS E. JOHNS, R.N. Vancouver, B. C. Treasurer MISS K. DAVIDSON, R.N. 131 Crescent Street, Montreal, Que. Secretary MISS FRANCES MACMILLAN, R.N. The .Mexandra Hospital, Edmonton, .Alta. COUNCILLORS— For Alberta: Miss L. Edy, R.N., Calgary; Miss V. Winslow, R.N., Medi- cine Hat. For British Columbia: Miss H. Randal, R.N., Vancouver; Miss J. F. Mac- Kenzie, R.N., Victoria. For Manitoba: Miss • Inga Johnson, R.N., Winnipeg; Miss M. Martin, R.N., Winnipeg. For New Brunswick: Miss Branscombe, R.N., St. Stephen; Miss Retallick, R.N., St. John. For Nova Scotia: Miss Reed, Miss Graham. For Quebec: Miss S. C. Young, R.N., Montreal; Miss Mabel Hersey, R.N., Montreal. For Ontario: Miss F. J. Potts, Toronto; Miss K. Mathieson, Toronto. For Saskatchewan: Miss Jean Wilson, R.X., Moose Jaw ; Miss Jean Urquhart, R.X., Regina. The Nurse — A Teacher of Health in the School By Elizabeth G. Breeze, R.X. Read at the C.N.A.T.X. Convention. July, 1920 To speak of the school nurse as a teacher in the public school is possibly to present her to many people in a new character, and also to throw new light on her work. There are still many people, even in cities where school nursing is a well-established part of the school system, and people rather closely connected with educational matters, too, who still fail to recognize in the school nurse a teacher of the first importance. This is due not to inadequacy on the part of the nurse, but rather to routine-bound thought on the part of the people. To them a nurse is a nurse, and a teacher a teacher, and the nurse in the com- bined role has been given very little serious consideration. There has been a long road travelled, and a great deal of hard pioneer work done, since the appointment of the first school nurse ; and to-day we talk of the nurse as a teacher of health in schools. When the nurse first appeared in our schools her function was thought to be mainly the detection of infectious disease ; and. though this, of course, still receives attention, we are striving to change the generally accepted 650 THE CANADIAN NURSE assumption, that the nurse's presence in the school means disease of some kind, to the real true idea that a school nurse means "health." We have been told many times that health, like happiness, is largely a habit, and can be cultivated and taught. To the school nurse, there- fore, is given a wonderful opportunity of inculcating health habits dur- ing the most receptive and habit-forming period. Health, though under many different names, is really taught and is a part of many of our school activities, though perhaps not so thought of by some. Our sports, for instance, are teaching health — physical drill and exercises ; the domestic science, with its teaching of food values, proper cooking and balanced menus : nature stud}', etc., all should be considered as part of the health programme. These de- partments are, of course, handled by specialists, some taught entirely by experts, others by the grade teachers under the specialists' supervision; but health, or hygiene, as usually appears on the curriculum, is gener- ally taught by a grade teacher, without any special supervision or without any special preparation. The teaching of health and the time allotted for it in the curriculum varies according to the various school systems, as does also the part taken in the teaching by the school nurse ; but the value of the nurse in this line of work is now being more widely recognized. Happily, the day has gone by when the successful recitation of the bones of the body, the process of digestion, etc., were considered the teaching of health, and a more rational method is now being followed. We now feel that the end to be gained in teaching health is not information, but action ; not simply knowledge of what is desirable, but habitual practice of the rules of health. In the majority of our schools at the present time the didactic teaching of health, as laid down in the school curriculum, is done by the teacher, leaving it to the nurse to place the emphasis on the applica- tion to daily use. I think it a distinct advantage to the school nurse that it is so arranged ; all day, every day. the children have their own class teacher. The nurse, being an occasional visitor, about whom there is more or less glamor and charm, brings to the room a fresh person- ality and the additional charm of the unknown quantity. ''Will the nurse talk to us to-day?" and ''What about?" instantly flashes into the children's minds, and she has their interest at once. This given her, the rest depends on the nurse. Her talks should be well prepared and arranged to suit the ages, characteristics and environment of the pupils to whom they are to be given. In the lower grades the time should be devoted wholly to the formation of health habits ; with the older children, whose knowledge is extending, the reasons for these habits may be elaborated and re- inforced by more scientific knowledge. Interest and, if possible, par- ticipation in the various health activities of the community should be aroused and stimulated in the higher trrades. THE CANADIAN NURSE 651 To successfully teach health to children, a well-thought-out graded plan must be arranged and carefully followed out; but not so carefully, nor the plan so set and iron-bound, that deviation cannot occur. The good teacher watches her opportunities, and often makes fast her teach- ing at unexpected moments. Where school nurses are supplementing, by monthly or bi-monthly talks, the regular health lessons of the teacher, it is usually wise to arrange the talks with reference to the subject being taken up by the teachers during the month. The talks given by the nurse should be informal, but impressive ; she should endeavor to teach the children to think in terms of health and happiness, rather than weakness. As to methods of teaching health, they do not come into the scope of this paper, but have come into a new era in our teaching. We are using new methods and new ways of applying old methods. Posters, calendars, health stories, demonstrations, competitions, contests, health plays, games, songs, etc., all are now used in carrying out the health teaching. The school nurse should be the leader of health activities in her school, and the instigator, if necessary, of the teaching of health in a really helpful way. Very few school nurses have time to spend in teaching the routine class work in health required ; and it is generally felt that they are more effective in the supplementary talks, special health talks, nutrition classes, health leagues, little mothers' leagues, home nursing classes, etc., and in planning health activities and inter- esting teachers in health. That is far more important and more valu- able and conducive of greater results than the time spent in going from room to room teaching routine lessons. A teacher who is interested in teaching health, and in the health of her pupils, is the greatest help possible to the nurse in teaching and establishing health habits, and also in impressing the lessons taught by the nurse. Many opportunities for emphasizing the health lessons arise during the teaching of other studies, and the co-operation of the teacher is invaluable. Not many children are interested in health as health, but most are interested in being strong and athletic ; and the wise teacher, knowing this, will use every means to inspire and help them to do the things that will lead to phys- ical health and well-being. Co-operation with all other agencies or factors which enter in any way into the school health problem, or should enter into, should be arranged and enlisted. This lack of co-ordination has resulted in much loss of both time and energy in the past. Parents, physicians, teachers, health authorities, parent-teacher associations, men's and women's clubs, the press, and other organizations of various kinds, all can be useful in the teaching of health by the school nurse. To be a successful teacher of health, the nurse must realize that her teaching is not confined to four walls of a classroom. 652 THE CANADIAN NURSE To come back to our subject, "The Xurse — A Teacher of Health in the School." Is she a teacher? That depends on the nurse, her edu- cation, and her conception of her work. Is she teaching- health? Some are. and some are not. Some school nurses are routine inspectors only, and are losing- a wonderful opportunity. Who is the nurse teaching- in the school? Pupils only? We hope not. ]\Iost teachers are eager to learn more of health and health w^ork ; and here the nurse can do a great deal of teaching, for most teachers realize that this is a subject which they have been most inadequately prepared to teach. The parent- teachers' associations are a part of the school, and here, also, is an op- portunity to teach, and beyond the schools are the homes of the child- ren. It has often been said that the school nurse is the connecting link between the home and the school; and we now feel that the school nurse is the health teacher of the children, school teachers and parents. Have I conveyed to you that I feel that a school nurse should be a teacher in the newer, better way. leaving behind her the set grind and the stiff formal methods? She should be a teacher of health and happiness, and her presence in the school should bring with it that atmosphere. Now a word about nurses for school work and health teaching — herein lies the difficulty. School nurses must, of course, be graduate nurses, and, in countries where such laws obtain, registered nurses ; but we must go farther. The school nurse needs a very considerable amount of special training not at present provided in any of our training schools. She should have special training in public health, social and economic subjects, and in teaching principles and methods. Nurses themselves, after entering this work, are painfully aware of this insuffi- cient-preparation for this important work, which is so rapidly assuming such large proportions and is really becoming a national service, and they are endeavoring ^o supplement their hard-won experience by tak- ing some of the various courses now open to school nurses. To meet this ever-growing demand for further education, many of our univer- sities are establishing public health courses covering various fields of public health work, and extending over various periods of time, and an increasing number of nurses are availing themselves of this opportunity for increasing their usefulness. First Lesson ix Art .\ teacher in one of the Boston schools had shown the lower-grade pupils in her room a beautiful picture of the "Madonna and Child," and had asked them to write something about it. One boy of a dozen years handed the teacher the following brief and terse account of the picture- "I think Mrs. McDonough's baby is just fine." — Harper's Monthly. T H E CAN ADI AN NURSE 653 Lectures on The History of Nursing WITH DESCRIPTIVE LIST OF LANTERN-SLIDES By Maude E. Seymour Abbott, B.A., M.D., Curator of the Medical Museum, McGill University (Continued from Last Month) LECTURE VII. The Dark Period of Nursing, and the Rise of Prison and Hospltal Reform ; the Deaconess Movement and Dawn of Modern Nursing. (Period Covered, 17th to Early 19th Centhries.) Authorities Consulted: Life of Sister Dora, Margaret Lonsdale; Life of Elizabeth Fry, Mrs. E. R. Pitman; History of British Nursing, Sarah Tooley, Chap. IL; Life of Dorothea Lynde Dix, by Francis Tiiïany. 16 The Dark Period of Nursing and the Rise of Hospital and Prison Reform Remarks : From the latter part of the 17th to the latter part of the 18th centuries, the art of nursing, status of nurse, and welfare of the patients, were all sunk to the lowest ebb; nurses were of the servant class, ill paid and under fed, doing twelve to fourteen continuous hours' work without relief, and frequently intemperate (Sairey Gamp type). Rem- nants of these conditions still persist in some Continental hospitals to-day, notably Rome and Vienna. Cause of this degradation lay chiefly in the fact that the status of woman herself, except in individual cases, had sunk very low, and the entire regulation of these institutions was taken out of the hands of women, who are better organizers of a nursing system and best fitted to rule each other, and were subordinated to men. The first ray of light during this dark period came in the investiga- tions of John Hozvard, the philanthropist, who travelled 60,000 miles, at a personal expense of i30,000, inspecting and reporting upon jails and hospitals, which teemed with numerous abuses, and revealed these to the public through his published statements. In the latter part of the 18th century a great revival of human thought, aspiration and enthusiasm set in, which expressed itself most forcibly in the French Revolution, and was visible in the great revival of nursing institutions and especially in the revival of the deaconess movement of the Early Church. Hannah Move's first milestones in the emancipation of women from the ignorance and futility of the early 18th century, and Howard's researches, bore fruit, especially in the lives of Amalie Sieveking (born 1794) and Elisabeth 654 THE CANADIAN NURSE Fry, with the efforts of both of whom the earhest movements of nursing reform are closely bound up. Slide 123 — ^John Howard (1726-1790): Prison reformer and, incidentally, the unveiler of hospital abuses as well. Published in 1777 a large volume, of. 520 pages, entitled "The State of the Prisons in England and Wales and an Account of Some Foreign Prisons," describing result of his investiga- tions. In 1785, after he had made public the further results of his ex- haustive study of prison conditions in Europe in a third edition of this book, he devoted himself to the plague, and for this purpose visited nu- merous plague lazarettos, and himself became a voluntary inmate of one in order to determine the nature and extent of the quarantine; his work was thus the direct antecedent of that of Florence Nightingale, as well as of Elizabeth Fry. Slide 124 — Dress of physician when visiting a case of contagious disease in the 17th century. Slide 125 — Alme. Xeckar. who built a small model hospital in Paris in 1779, and published a book describing it and all the misery and bad hygiene that existed in other institutions of the same kind in the city at the time, and thus introduced signal reforms. Slide 126 — Three of the greatest London hospitals (St. Bartholomew, Guy's and St. Thomas), in the latter part of the 18th centurj', when hospital reform was just beginning to dawn. Slide 127 — Elizabeth Gurney Fry (1780-1845): Quakeress, prison and hospital and social reformer, "minister" and preacher. A member of a large, vivacious and talented family circle, and an affectionate wife and mother. Exerted enormous humanitarian influence over the early part of the 19th century; reformed Newgate Prison; organized prison and convict work; clothed and fed and introduced better housing conditions among the prisoners, both in Europe, where she travelled thousands of miles, and in distant lands. In spite of the retiring nature of her Quaker life, she met with great public recognition, especially from the Royalty of England, Denmark, Prussia, etc. Slide 128 — Elizabeth Fry visiting prisoners in Newgate Prison. Note Quaker head-dress and sweet expression. Note also various wealthy fashionable co-workers and one of the clergy. Slide 129— Sister Dora (1832-1878): Belonged to Church of England Order of Good Samaritan. Was the college hospital nurse at Walsall, Birmingham, and the vicinity for many years. Did heroic work in smallpox epidemics, etc., in crowded districts. Was a leading figure among social workers of middle 19th century. Slide 130— Dorothy Lynde Dix (1822-1887): Born in Maine, U.S.A. Revolution- ized the care of the insane in the United States and Canada, and influenced Legislature to introduce State hospitals for the insane throughout these countries. Impetus to social work came to her from Mr. Rathbone, father of workhouse infirmary reform, in 1836, and she began teaching in State prisons in 1840. Memorialized the Massachusetts Legislature about apal- ling abuses existing in the care of the insane about 1842, with immediate results in the extension of State care. Appealed during the next twenty years in the same way to every State in the Union. Was made a Super- intendent of War Nursing at the age of sixteen. T H E CAN ADI AN N U RSE 655 17 The Deaconess Movement and the Dawn of Modern Nursing. Pastor Fliedner and His Wife, Frederika, and the Kaiserwerth Deaconesses Institute. Remarks: The work at Kaiserwerth of Pastor FHedner and his wife in the early 19th century revived the Deaconess Order of the Early Church and developed a widespread system of modern Deaconesses In- stitutions from very small beginning's. It is of great interest as forming the direct link which carried the inspiration springing from the life of Elizabeth Fry and her predecessors in Hospital and prison reform to its flower and fruit in the life and work of Florence Nightingale. It was at Kaiserwerth that Florence Nightingale was trained, and it was there that the sense of the art of nursing as a vocation began to take form and to find expression before and in her time. Pastor Fliedner was a remarkable man, of wide philanthropic bent and a broad grasp of the vital principles embodied in the Christian ideals of personal sacrifice as the motive power for salvation from sin and suf- fering through regenerating love, and he was possessed of a remarkable organizing faculty, to be compared, with his entire character and work, to that of St. Vincent de Paul. He perceived at the outset of his min- istry, tha immense value to purposes of social service of orders of re- ligious women bound by no permanent vows but by a sense of vocation, such as were to be found in the Institution of Deaconesses of the Early Church, the Sisters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, and the Béguines of Flanders. His first wife Frederika equalled or even surpassed him in the remarkable combination of faculties which made her at once organizer and administrator, house-mother, disciplinarian, and kind friend of sufferer and minister alike. She was born at Braunsfeldt, a piace identi- fied in history with the work and life of Elizabeth of Hungary, and was trained to rescue work before her marriage, and to her activities were undoubtedly due much of the initiative and the success of the Kaiser- werth organization. The two began work together in their little parish at Kaiserwerth in 1822; soon after, fire destroyed the factory in it, and Pastor Fliedner set out on foot to raise money for his starving flock in Holland, England and elsewhere; in London he met Elizabeth Fry and saw her work at the Newgate Prison. Returning, he, with his wife, be- gan operations in their own small garden house with a single discharged prisoner, and gradually expanded it to include the care of the sick, orphans and the aged ; the work soon developed to a point of immense usefulness, the final outcome being the establishment of homes for the training of Deaconesses in almost every part of the civilized world. Slide 131 — Pastor Fliedner, who founded the Rhenish-Westphalian Prison iVssociation in 1826 and organized the great Deaconesses' Institution of Kaiserwerth on the Rhine, with its numerous branches throughout the civilized world. Pastor and instructor of Florence Nightingale (1851). Died October, 1864. 656 THE CANADIAN NURSE Slide 132— Frederika, first wife of Pastor Fliedner, mother of the revived apostolic Order of Deaconesses, and the immediate initiator of the art of modern nursing. Born 1800 A.D. Died April 22, 1842. Slide 133— The small summer house in Pastor Fliedner's garden, which was the origin of the Kaiserwerth Institution. Work was begun here with a single discharged prisoner, Minna, who is seen descending from her sleep- ing apartment upstairs by the only available means. The figure holding the ladder is undoubtedly Fraulein Gobel, Frederika's first assistant. Slide 134 — The interior of the summer house, showing Frederika receiving two probationers, who enter the door with bowed heads, this being an attitude expressing the humility enjoined upon the true Deaconess. The scope of the work had now been enlarged to include the care of orphans. Slide 135 — A portion of the Kaiserwerth buildings, erected during Florence Nightingale's time, in which the Deaconesses were housed. The second storey window farthest to the left is said to have been the room which she occupied during her stay at Kaiserwerth. Slide 136 — A portion of the Kaiserwerth buildings as they are to-day, showing the immense tree that has developed from a small seed. Slide 137 — Portion of the hospital buildings at Kaiserwerth. Xote the costume of the Deaconess nurses, which is the same as that adopted by Miss Nightingale for her nurses in the Crimea. Slide 138 — The garden house as it is to-day. It has beeil» converted into a museum, and Pastor Fliedner's bust is seen in the window. Slide 139 — Sister Julie Bonin, a Kaiserwerth Deaconess, who was capped by Florence Nightingale on a visit to Kaiserwerth after her return from the Crimea, and who was alive at the time of the International Congress of Nurses at Kaiserwerth in 1912. (To Be Continued) 'TwAs But' 'Twas but a word in sorrow's hour, I murmured low ; Twas nothing but a wayside flower To one in woe : How little did it seem to me — That flower wild ; Yet on the word and on the flower The great God smiled. 'Twas but a hand press and a tear Where life was sad; Only a smile of joy and cheer Where all was glad ; As from a child ; Such tiny deeds they seem to me. • Yet on the hand press, on the tear, The great God smiled. THE CANADIAN NURSE 657 The Visiting Nurse As A Health Teacher By M. Rodger Manitoba Provincial Board of Health Read at the C.X.A.T.X. Convention, July, 1920 I have been asked to give a paper on the visiting nurse as a health teacher. The visiting nurse, in my estimation, is certainly a health teacher. She has wonderful opportunities in teaching the simple health rules. Upon being called to explain little Johnny's defects, she finds a child suffering, with no ventilation, smothered in blankets, perspiring profusely, never been washed, hair in dreadful condition. The nurse immediately sets to work to show the mother just how to care for the child. First of all. sponges it; shows the mother how to keep mouth clean ; explains, re ventilation, that fresh air is admitted by windows, and, although the bedroom door is open, it is possibly only admitting the used air from the other parts of the house and not the fresh air which is necessary for the child ; the need of abundance of fresh air without causing a draught; the use of newspapers in the sick-room. The result is, the child is more comfortable. Mother realizes what it means to have fresh air and cleanliness. It is a lesson she never forgets. Should another such occasion arise, she is ready and knows what to do. Take the case of a woman with a poisoned hand. Th^ nurse is called by the doctor to show^ the woman how to apply fomentations. On arrival at the house, she finds the woman's hand filthy. First thing is to clean it up, at the same time explaining r^ infection and the need to keep wovmds clean. Soak in hot water containing an antiseptic, then apply fomentation, showing the woman what to do. The result is the hand gets well, the woman realizes what it means to look after a wound right at once, to keep it clean, use of antiseptics, heat, etc. Someone else has a similar hand : no doctor near, applies to Mrs. So and So, whom the visiting nurse fixed up. Then, in the case of the baby, so often one calls and finds the baby dirty, sucking empty bottle or comforter. ^Mother in a dilemma to know just the proper feeding for her baby when she weans it. Is it not teaching the laws of health to explain to mother about the feeding of a child nine or ten months old — explaining the digestion of a child that age? Then, again, in communicable diseases, the nurse can explain the danger of exposing a child to, for e.g., whooping-cough, measles, etc. So many people still think a child must have those diseases and don't realize that the infection is so often at the beginning as well as the end of the disease. The visiting nurse can teach the mother so much by 658 THE CANADIAN NURSE explaining to her the care that is necessary and the precautions which should be taken to prevent the spread of any communicable disease. For example, take a mild case of measles : The children are all allowed to play together ; because it is a mild case, it is thought to be quite safe, whereas the child should be isolated just as if it was a severe type. The explaining of this to a mother means a great deal. Then the care of the attendant : Quite frequently you will find the mother attending the "sick person and, without taking any precautions, lift up another child or perhaps start fixing the dinner. Some of those things seem incredible, but often it is done through want of thought, and here the visiting nurse has a great opportunity of teaching the parent the correct thing to do to prevent the spreading of communicable diseases, and so being a health teacher. Where the visiting nurse comes in greatly as a health teacher is .'n rural districts where the home is practically isolated and the mother has little communication with the outside. Here the nurse can do so much in teaching the mother re the care of her children, care of the teeth, and explaining re the permanent teeth, as so many of those mothers never get to public meetings and never have the opportunity of hearing about those things. Then, again, there is the mother who is so occupied at home and does not have time to take advantage of such meetings, and the visiting nurse is often a great advantage and the health teacher in such a case. The last part of my talk is on the persistent dirty family. Children come daily to school dirty ; home is dirty, mother is dirty. The visiting nurse calls and explains the need of sending the children to school clean ; perhaps helps to wash the dishes, just in a round-about way, to show therii how they should do, or she may sweep the floor. Personally,' I have had families where that has done good, but what can one do when nothing seems to penetrate and tell them the ordinary laws of health? We are always advancing with the times, and I feel sure that, as the years advance, it will be realized more and more that the visiting nurse is a teacher of health. It is hoped that many more will be stationed throughout the country in the near future. It is a great benefit to mothers to have the advice of the visiting nurse, who has a better op- portunity of explaining and demonstrating her work right in the home where she sees the real conditions under which the people live, and can thus give advice accordingly. A man's true greatness lies in the consciousness of an honest purpose in life, founded on a just estimate of himself and everything else, on frequent self-examination, and a steady obedience to the rule which he knows to be right — without troubling himself about what others may think or say, or whether they do or do not do that which he thinks and savs and does. — George Long. TH E CAN ADI AN NURSE 659 Teaching Practical Nursing By F. E. Strum M Read at the C.A.N.E. Convention, Fort William. July, 1920 In regard to telling- you anything about "Teaching Practical Nurs- ing," it is almost a case of there being "nothing new under the sun" about which to speak. You are all aware of the difference between the old and new way of teaching nursing. In the old way the probationer was put at once in a ward to do as best she might the work of a junior nurse, picking up the methods of working as she went along, with more or less in- struction from her head nurse. The new method gives a course of preliminary training, placing the probationers in classes under instructors who teach them in the class- room before they enter on ward duty. Practical nursing is taught by demonstration, lectures and carefully supervised practice. In different hospitals such preliminary instruction is given for periods of different lengths, varying from a few weeks to the entire probationary period, which, in a number of schools, is six months. Either system has its advantages and disadvantages. In the old way an advantage claimed is that the pupil at once comes in contact with the patient, and early shows whether or not she has the qualifications for her work, such as patience, observation, tact, etc. ; but surely the fact that in this old state of things the patients were sub- jected to the care of entirely untrained women offsets anything that could be said in its favor. Besides, such teaching could not be thorough or uniform. In the new method the pupil is under an instructor chosen especial- ly for her ability to teach, and with the teaching of her pupils as her most important duty. The pupils are taught the best methods thoroughly, and their work is under close supervision. The pupils benefit, and the patient runs no risk of unskilful handling. An objection to this method has been sug- gested, and that is the possibility of the patient being so much material for the benefit of the nurse, which attitude is far from the ideals of our profession. The most important part of the nurse's education is her thorough instruction in practical methods. It is what she comes to a hospital to learn, and something she cannot get from books or lectures. A good text-book is necessary, both for reference and to establish uniformity of methods. In our own school we have a demonstration room containing four beds, a Chase's doll and all the necessary equipment for the care of patients, for bed-making and giving the various treatments which come 660 T H E CAN ADI AN NURSE within the province of the nurse. In place of the doll, a convalescent patient is sometimes brought over -from the ward, or the nurses take turns in being patients, and in that way realize what it means to be handled as a patient as well as to handle one. With us an instructor has full charge of this work. In the begin- ning of their training the pupils are first shown how to make the various beds, e.g., closed, open, ether, ambulance, and the disinfection of beds. The schedule sets apart a portion of each day for the practice of bed-making. Beds are made in the Nurses' Home, and each morning a certain number of class nurses are sent to the wards, from seven until nine o'clock ; there they assist in making beds and in the general prepar- ation of the wards for the day. In this way they become more proficient, and, by the time their preliminary class work is completed, they are able to take up the daily routine of ward work much more readily. The Tale of the Ye.vrs Summer and winter and spring, Heat and cold and the rain^ This is the tale the years bring, Blessing and bane. Labor and reaping that's sweet, Twilight and day and the night, Seed and the soil and the wheat. Darkness and light. God made His earth for man, Home for a little span. Sowing and gleaning and rest. Sorrow and mirth and a smile, Glow in the east — in the west. Day for a while. Flowers to garland the earth, Flowers to lay o'er the dead, Tears and some sighs and some mirth, Earth for a bed. God gives His call to man. After a little span. A. McGlLLICUDDV Your minds are endowed with a vast number of gifts of totally diflferent uses — limbs of mind, as it were, which, if you don't exercise, you cripple. — Ri^skin. T H E CAN ADI AN N U RSE 661 The Teaching of Bacteriology to Nurses By R. W. Tassie Former Instructor of Nursing-, Vancouver General Hospital Read at the C.A.X.E. Convention. Fort William. July, 1920 In teaching bacteriology to junior nurses last year, in the \'ancou- ver General Hospital. I entered upon the work with the comforting thought firmly embedded in my mind that my experience in high school teaching would be of inestimable value in my new work. How erroneous this idea was I discovered later. As time progressed. I began to see that a course in public school methods, sometimes, it seemed to me, in kindergarten methods, would have been of much more use. Xo doubt my experience was of some aid to me in planning the lessons ; but as far as the presentation of them was concerned, I discovered, when ex- amining- note-books, that I was, to use a common expression, "talking above the pupils' heads." I did not find that there was a lack of atten- tion or interest, but that some — in fact, a majority — of the students fre- quently failed to grasp the most essential points ; that these were either omitted altogether in the notes or else were grossly distorted. Having been accustomed myself to taking notes from lectures, I did not under- stand that this was not equally easy for everyone, and, as the notes in my training school were dictated according to time-honored custom, naturally my fellow-students did not meet with this difficulty. As I have an insuperable objection to dictating, for it seems to me that this robs any subject of interest both for pupil and teacher, I did not wish to resort to this method in order to secure well-written, orderly notes. I realized later that, although the nurses had at least one year's high school education, yet, as a rule, they had been out of school for some time previous to entering the hospital, and had therefore lost the "habit" of studying; the ability to distinguish important factors and to discard those of lesser value ; so that, if I were again teaching any subject to nurses, I should simplify the material until, in my opinion, it could be assimilated by "babes and sucklings" ; then only should I feel that the pupil nurses might grasp the facts that I was trying to impress upon them. In other words, I should attempt to teach only the most im- portant facts, and to state these in the simplest and most concise way possible. Throughout the course I endeavored to correlate the work as far as possible with practical nursing, physiology, and materia medica ; to pre- sent the material in such a way that the pupils would feel the necessity of applying their knowledge in their routine ward work, and should feel an impulse forcing them to take greater interest in personal hygiene, not only during their hospital life, but in their home life later on, and also in public sanitation; that they should understand the reasons why 662 T H E CAN ADI AN NV RSE beds, tables, windowsills, should be carefully dusted with soap and water ; why food should be covered and placed on ice ; why ice-boxes should be kept scrupulously clean ; why rooms should be thoroughly aired and sunshine freely admitted ; why the hands must be scrubbed before surgical dressings, catheterizations, etc.; why we. are so careful in the sterilization of dressmgs ; why waterworks should be installed in every dwelling ; and. on the other hand, to disabuse their minds of the idea, too commonly held, that all germs are harmful. The first lesson, naturally, was devoted to a brief history of bac- teriology. After this introductory lecture, I made frequent use of lantern slides, of which I was able to obtain a goodly number, owing to the kindness of one of the instructors in the university. This method of teaching I found invaluable, as it is. of course, a psychological fact that we are much more impressed by what we see than by what we hear. The blackboard was used extensively, also ; but, as I am at best a very mediocre artist, I fear that my drawings were sometimes a little grotesque ; so that I was very thankful to have an assortment of slides and a good lantern, particularly when teaching morphology. When dis- cussing the methods used in destroying bacteria. I made it a point to become acquainted with the methods used in the wards and operating rooms and in the isolation department of the hospital, and to base my instructions on the work which the pupils had already done along these lines, or would in future do ; also to draw attention to the various means devised by those in charge of the hospital to prevent the growth, and to aid in the destruction, of harmful bacteria ; as, for example, the ster- ilizing apparatus in the operating department and the erection of sun- rooms and balconies. I was much amused, when correcting examina- tion papers, at the answers given by a resident of Vancouver regarding the relative values of disinfectants. "Sunlight," she wrote, "is our mo^t powerful disinfectant, but, unfortunately, it is not always to be readily obtained." As I was then experiencing my first Vancouver winter. I was forcibly impressed by the truth of this statement ! We were for- tunate in having a very good laboratory in the Nurses' Home, where several of the classes were held. Having obtained culture media of various kinds from the pathological laboratory, I took swabs from the pupils' throats, finger-nails, finger-tips, palms of the hands, lips, window- ledges, etc., and the results of these experiments we all watched with intense interest. As we had class only once a week, I made a i^ractice of taking the petri dishes and culture tubes to the wards, when making rounds, so that the pupils were able to observe closely the growth of colonies. Later, in the laboratory, smears were made, stained and ex- amined under the microscope. The pupils were immensely interested in this part of the work, and. I think, learned, as they would have in no other way, the necessity for surgical asepsis. I think, ten), that it made the drudgery of dusting and cleaning the wards, bathrooms and cup- boards a little less irksome. I was very desirous of taking small groups THE CANADIAN NURSE 663 of nurses to the pathological laboratory to see the pathologists at work, but for some reason this plan did not seem feasible to them. They were all most kind, however, in saving for me interesting smears which they had made in connection with their work, so that I could put these under the microscope and let the pupils see streptococci, staphylococci, tuber- cular bacilli, etc. After some time spent in this way, the question was (as I had hoped) put to me by the class, "When there are so many bacteria on our hands, in our throats, in our food, etc., many of which are path- ogenic, why is it that any of us can escape disease?" This query led, naturally, to the discussion of immunity, and the unaflfected interest dis- played made it easy to impress the facts of active and passive immunity upon the minds of students. In conclusion, I shall quote, verbatim, from an answer made by one of the pupils to the question, "Of what value to you, in your practical work in the wards, was the study of cultures made during the course?" The following is what she wrote : "The study of cultures was very useful, in that swabs were taken from the throat, finger-nails, nose and hair of pupil nurses themselves and grown in culture media ; the results in every case were very good ; large colonies were formed. This prac- tical demonstration made much more vivid the theoretical teaching, that germs existed in such large numbers in these places, and provided an even greater inducement to cleanliness than the nurses already had. The fact that germs existed in such large numbers on such persons reminded one of what tremendous numbers there must be on those who did not have such inducements to cleanliness. Swabs were also taken from the wdndow-ledges, etc., and the results were so good that, when enthusiasm lagged in regard to dusting and cleaning in the wards, one thought of those large, fast multiplying colonies was enough to prod one on to further efforts." This answer — and there were many others similar to it — shows, I think, that the pupils grasped the idea that I had sought to instil, and that they would endeavor to apply the knowledge gained to protect from infection themselves, their patients and the public. The timid hand stretched forth to aid a brother in his need. The kindly word in grief's dark hour that proves a friend mdeed ; The plea for mercy softly breathed, when justice threatens high; The sorrows of a contrite heart — these things shall never die. Charles Dickens. They that love beyond the world cannot be separated by it. Death cannot kill what never dies. Nor can spirits ever be divided that love and live in the same divine principle, the root and record of their friend- ship. — William Penn. 664 THE CAN ADI AN NURSE International Nursing Students An Interview with Miss Alice Fitzgerald, R.N. Miss Alice Fitzgerald, chief of the Division of the League of Red Cioss Societies, which has its headquarter-s at Geneva, has been paying a visit to this country, principally in connection with the establishment of the group of nurses from eighteen countries who are taking the course, extending over the academic year, which, at the instance of the league, has been arranged for these nurses, by the authorities of King's College for Women, Campden Hill. Kensington. Miss Fitzgerald is a graduate of the Johns Hopkins Hospital. Baltimore, where she received her training under Miss Xutting; and her assistant. Miss Florence Waters, who also graduated in the same city, has gone into residence at King's College, in charge of the International Students, the majority of whom have already arrived in London. ^liss Waters came to Europe in the first American Red Cross ship in 1914. Ten scholarships have been awarded by the League, two by Red Cross Societies, and one by Lady Muriel Paget's Mission to Russia, the objects kept in view being to help those countries which have suffered most during the war. or which are most ,in need of assistance. The choice of the holders has been left in each instance to the National Red Cross Society in the country concerned, and Miss Fitzgerald warmly approves of the selections made. The essentials laid down for holders of the scholarships were that they must speak English fluently, must have a good education, and have remained at school till the age of 18 ; and must possess the highest nursing certificate that their country gives. The scholarships are held by nurses from France. Russia. Greece, Italy, Belgium, Poland, Czecho-Slovakia, Serbia, Roumania, Portugal, Switzerland, Peru, and Venezuela, and the group also includes students from England, Denmark. Sweden, the United States of America, and Canada. The nurses selected are of high standing in their own coun- tries. Thus Denmark has sent Miss Magdalene Tidemond, holder of the Florence Nightingale Medal for this year; Greece. Mile. Athena Messelova, Matron-in-Chief of the National Nursing Service; Switzer- land, Mile. Erika A. Michel, Superintendent of Nurses at the Lindenhof Hospital, Berne; and Canada, Miss Jean Browne, who has already had considerable experience in public health nursing. It is the hope of the League that the Red Cross Societies will de- velop a peace programme, and that the students, when they return to their own countries, will carry on educational propaganda. — The British Journal of Nursing. The blessed work of helping the world forward happily does not wait to be done by perfect men. — Eliot. T H E CAN ADI AN NV RSE 665 ©aitorial The autumn is usually set apart by the various affiUated associations as the season when new work or renewed efforts are directed towards the improvement of nursing conditions and the knitting together of all our associations in one effort to be a real part of our National Associa- tion. This would seem, then, the most favorable time to bring again to the prominent notice of all nurses the magazine and its wants. The Canadian Nurse magazine does act as a bond between all associations throughout the Dominion, and also acts as a personal bond through the notes about hospitals and individual nurses. That it could be made more valuable, no one doubts for a minute ; and that it would be so, did each nurse subscribe to it, there is also no doubt, either on the part of the Editor or of the Executive Committee of the National Association. The following quotation from the current issue of the American Journal of Nursing, when introducing the need of increasing the sub- scription price of their magazine, is true of conditions in Canada as well : "This does not mean that the Journal income is falling off; but it does mean that all expenses of printing, publishing and mailing have increased during the year more rapidly than the normal growth of the magazine can keep pace with. . . . Our employees and our printers are co-operating with us, so that we may honestly say that there is no waste or extravagance in the management of the Journal; but, even with all these efforts to curtail our expenditures, we cannot maintain our posi- tion safely without the help of our readers." If this be true of the American Journal, with its large number of available subscribers in the United States, how much more must be our need of great, concerted, and never-ending work in bringing the needs of the Canadian Nurse, the only nursing journal in Canada, before each graduate, and her responsibility to it pointed out. If each graduate nurse in Canada subscribed, there would be a larger and better maga- zine, and the comfortable feeling that the finances of the magazine were on a sound footing. An urgent call has gone out to all affiliated associations by the President, Miss Dickson, who, in her appeal, says: "As President, I would remind you that the magazine is the pro- -, . rty of the graduate nurses of Canada. By a majority vote the asso- ciations undertook to publish the magazine. 1. What have you done to help and improve the magazine? 2. Are you a subscriber, and do you read the magazine? 666 T H E CAN ADI AN NURSE 3. Are you proud of the magazine, and do you wish to retain it? The cost of the magazine is only two dollars a year, the cheapest nursing journal on this continent — less than four cents a week. If each nurse subscribed, at least 5,000 names would be on our list. £ctter8 to >9j^c ©âitor C. E. Z. Mission Dispensary, Rainawari, Sprinagar- Kashmir, North India. Dear Madam : You will be sorry to hear that our hospital has met with an awful catastrophe, it has been destroyed by fire. Unfortunately, by the up- setting of a full drum of kerosene oil, which ran all over the place, in the fright and hurry a lighted lamp was broken. War and fire are indeed enemies of destruction. We are now rebuilding by voluntary contribution, which is very difficult work indeed in these days of h'gh rates of labor and building materials and adverse exchange of the rupee. The top and middle floor wards are nearly finished. The bedsteads for these wards have arrived, and the blankets are on their way to us. No fire insurance company will take over the insurance unless the water supply is made perfect. The engineer of the P.W.D. came and looked at our water supply ; he says, although we live on the hill, t]:e water supply can be made good at a cost of £50. We have been corresponding with the State about the electric lighting, now that our electric station has been erected near us, for this part of the city. The answer came two days ago, saying His High- ness the Maharajah Sahieb would be pleased to give free grant of electric current for lighting and dispensary and hospital, but we must put in the electric installation at a cost of i50. This is most urgent, as, if we do not get it all in within six months, from April 1st, 1920, we forfeit the grant of free lighting. Do you think you can, of your charity, very kindly put an account of our need in your Canadian nursing paper asking if readers can send us from 6d. upward for the electric installation, as a birthday thank- ofifering? The very smallest sum will help. If you can do this, we shall indeed be most grateful. Any money sent will be acknowledged by return post and in our annual report. Believe me, madam, yours faithfully, E. M. NEWMAN, Lady in Charge of Rainwari lîranch. THE CANADIAN NURSE 667 The Canadian Nurses' Association and Register for Graduate Nurses, Montreal President — Miss Phillips. 750 St. Urbain Street. First \'ice-President — Miss H. M. Dunlop, 209 Stanley Street. Second \'ice-President — Miss J. Craig, Western Hospital. Secretary-Treasurer — Miss Susie Wilson, 638a Dorchester St., W. Registrar — Mrs. Burch. 175 Mansfield Street. The annual meeting of the C.X.A. was held in the club-room on Tuesday afternoon, October 19th. There was a large attendance. The election of officers for the coming year was the chief business. ]^Iiss Maud Schneider and Miss Florence Thomson have returned from a pleasant trip through Canada with the Imperial Press delega- tion. A Club for Blixded Soldiers Unique among the plans for returned war cripples is that developed by Toronto. Canada, for the care of her blind soldiers. The Queen City will shortly have the distinction of having the only blind soldiers' club in Canada, Named after Sir Arthur Pearson, the blind founder of St. Dunstan's, Pearson's Hall will be a home in every sense of the word for blinded soldiers who have no one to care for them — a place where they will not only be able to find a welcome retreat and enjoy the fine social atmosphere of the club, but one where they may also secure permanent board and lodging if they so desire. Seventeen rooms compose the spacious residence which at present houses the club. On the lower floor are the reception-room, recreation- room, dining-room, kitchen, and a classroom, while upstairs are twelve bedrooms and a workroom. The hangings and curtains are of chintz. and the furnishings are such as are intended to give a homelike atmosphere to the club. Large, easy rockers invite the soldiers to a pleasant smoke and the companionship of an evening before a cheerful fire. In short, says The Modern Hospital in describing the club, ''nothing has been neglected which will add to the comfort of the blind soldier in letting him know that Canada aims to repay him for the sacrifice he has made." 668 THE CANADIAN NURSE !)lc^Cs from 3'U ^Reâicaf V)oÂà By Elizabeth Robinson Scovil It is said that one of the surest and best prophylactics against the poison of ivy and sumac is the use of soap and hot water. The Rhus poison, after being deposited on the skin, requires a certain time to penetrate. If this penetration can be prevented, irritation and the erup- tion that follows it can be prevented. Soap and hot water is also a good curative agent when the affection has developed. A Clinic for the Well It is stated that a medical clinic for those who are well is being established at London, Ont. It is proposed to have well people come to the clinic for examination, so that they may learn whether they are suffering from incipient disease, so as to secure treatment before it is too late. A moderate fee is to be charged for each examination. Ether in Whooping-Cough A French physician uses injections of ether in the buttocks in whooping-cough. It is a question whether it acts by attenuating the tendency to spasms or by direct disinfection of the tissues. He had never given more than three injections in one case. London Surgeons Dr. E. A. AlcCulloch, of Toronto, has expressed his opinion of London surgeons in a letter to the press. He says : "In Canada and the United States we always considered that we had the finest surgeons in the world. Without disparaging our own men, I will freely admit that, in the large hospitals in London, I saw a better system of handling patients, operations more quickly performed and just as skilfully, and a personal modesty in the part of the operator which is not a conspicuous attribute of our own surgeons. Vienna and Berlin were the lodestars of post-graduate students ; London may be, in future, the medical Mecca of the world. Shock In a paper on this subject in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, Dr. J. W. Richardson, Calgary, says that the most concise definition of shock that he has seen is that it "is a condition marked by gradual and progressive fall of blood-pressure with no obvious cause, such as hemorrhage, alteration of intercranial pressure or heart failure." If external heat is applied to the body, shock may be prevented, or even arrested. The head should be lowered, transfusion of blood tried, un- THE CANADIAN NURSE 669 der certain safeguards. The most valuable stimulant seems to be adren- alin, administered slowly and intravenouslv. Vaginal Poisoning Several cases of poisoning- by douches of a solution of hi-chloride of mercury have been reported. In one case a tablet was inserted in the vagina ; in another the tablet was placed, undissolved, in the bulb of a syringe. The self-administration of this dangerous drug may cause fatal results. SociETv OF Anesthetists A Canadian Society of Anesthetists has been incorj^orated by letters patent of the Dominion Government. Its aim is the promotion of the science, practice and teaching of anesthesia. Energy Expended in Household Tasks In a paper written by two members of the Ofifice of Home Econ- omics, U. S. Department of Agriculture, it is stated that light tasks, such as sewing, crocheting or embroidering, call for an average expen- diture of about nine calories an hour more than would be used if the person doing them sat quietly in a chair. Harder work, as washing, sweeping and scrubbing, demand at least 50 calories an hour. It is im- portant to have the implements used fit the worker. The mere change in the height of the table at which work is done may cause from 20 to 40 per cent, in the calories required. In the sick-room a very small degree of discomfort, or added effort, wastes a relatively large fraction of the patient's strength and energy. Even sitting up and dressing means a real cost to the body, which at times must be avoided. Fighting \'exereal Disease At a banquet given in Toronto to Miss \'iolet Trench by the Canadian National Council for Combating Venereal Diseases, the guest of honor said: "Condemnation leads to concealment, the presence of disease does not prove guilt, it may have been contracted innocently. The unequal standard in the sexes is a lie. The standard which is the right of every human being, and one lived up to by many men and women, is absolute chastity before marriage and absolute faithfulness after marriage." Search thine own heart. What paineth thee In others, in thyself may be ; All dust is frail, all flesh is weak; Be thou the true man thou dost seek. John G. Whittier. Anybody can afford to be broad-minded when he can't afford to tell the truth. 670 THE CANADIAN NURSE vJ^ublic v3vealt^ .ylursing JDepartment :r» Address public health news items from each province to the following representatives: Nova Scotia Miss E. AI. Pemberton, Victoria General Hospital, Halifax. Newr Brunswick Miss Sarah Brophy, 74 Carmarthen Street, St. John, N.B. Quebec Ontario Miss Eunice H. Dyke, City Hall, Toronto. Manitoba Aliss Elizabeth Russell, Provincial Board of Health, Winnipeg, Man. Saskatchewan Alberta Miss Christine Smith, Department of Public Health, Province of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta. British Columbia QUESTION BOX Questions on public health subjects will be received by the Chairman of the Public Health Section of the Canadian National Association of Trained Nurses, Miss Eunice H. Dyke, City Hall, Toronto. Each question will be forwarded to nurses qualified to discuss the subject. From a Victorian Order Nurse The question is often asked, "Is a visiting- nurse a public health nurse?" I think there can be no doubt in the mind of the nurse who finds herself the only trained nurse in some of our towns and villages. There she has to give bedside nursing care, be school nurse and social service worker all in one. In the town where I have been nursing for the last year we have a population of about 3,500. A few of these are foreigners, mostly Russian and Polish Jews. There is no hospital in town, but we have a small house where the nurse lives with a housekeeper. We have two rooms, which are fitted up as wards, and we take in patients who cannot get proper care in their own homes. They pay" according to their means, and no one is turned away because they have not sufficient means. Most of our patients are ob- stetrical cases. I fix the mother and baby up first thing in the morning and leave them to the care of the housekeeper, while I go out to attend my patients in the district. I make nursing, pre-natal, child welfare and social service visits ; usually I have an average of from ninety-five to a himdred visits a month. We have three public schools, with an attendance of about four hun- dred and twentv-five children. I examine the children once a month. The THE CANADIAN NURSE 671 schools are old and not built for a school nurse, but. as the cloakrooms have larg-e windows, we use them, and they do very nicely. The children, on a whole, are clean and healthy. The teachers are very good at co- operating with me regarding clean hands and faces and teeth. In the junior rooms we have the names of the little ones on the board, and those who come to school clean and tidy and have brushed their teeth get a red star after their name. There is great rivalry to see who has the most stars at the end of the week. We have printed instructions to the parents on the care of the teeth, heads, etc.. and the danger of enlarged tonsils and adenoids. These we give to the children to take home. In serious cases I go to the homes myself and see the parents. We have placed emergency kits in each school, which have been found very useful, as the children frequently meet with little accidents. We started our well baby clinic last of all. At first it was hard to get the women to understand that it was well babies we wanted, but now the majority are keenly interested. If it will encourage any other nurse, let me tell you that we started our first clinic with one baby, but now we have an average of seven or eight every Saturday afternoon. I hold the clinics at the Home. We have no doctor, but the sick babies I send to their family physician ; and any other little advice the mother needs, I can usually suggest something that will be a help to baby. It is difficult to get the foreign women interested ; but I have one who comes quite regu- larly now, so that will mean others will follow. This Jewish woman said to me the other day that she could hardly wait for Saturday to come "to see how much my baby make fat." Through these clinics I keep in touch with all my babies, born either in the Home or the district. If more than two or three weeks elapse without them coming, I visit them to see what the trouble is. Any baby that ' has to be bottle-fed, I usually go for a few mornings and show the mother how to prepare the milk. We have a Samaritan Committee, composed of some of the ladies of the town, and they keep my cupboards well stocked with extra bedding and sick-room necessities for the P. X. in the district. Any little luxury, in the way of nourishment, or extra milk for a nursing mother, they will supply them for me. The Xurses' Home is a centre where anyone can come for help and advice. A man, who has lost his wife, comes for us to find a good home for his baby and board. A mother comes abotit her boy of ten who has gotten beyond her control, and we put her in touch with the Children's Aid Society in the next town. These are only a few of the many cases which come to the visiting nurse ever}' day. A letter from ]\Iiss Jean Browne, R.N., the following information regarding the personnel of those who are in the class taking the public health nursing work at King's College for W^omen under the auspices of the International Red Cross Society. There are two nurses from the 672 T H E CAN ADI AN NV RSE United States, and one from each of the following countries : England, Canada, Peru. \'enezuela,, France, Belgium. Portugal. Italy. Poland, Czecho-Slavonia. Roumania, Ser.via. Greece and Russia. These re- present the highest types of nursing in the countries from which they come. Miss Cowlin, of the London College of Xursing. who was to have been in charge of this group, resigned her position, and Miss Fitz- gerald has been appointed in her place. Miss Margaret Mackenzie, who has recently completed a post- graduate course in public health nursing in Toronto, has been appointed general superintendent of public health nurses in Xova Svotia. Her office will be in the Annex of the Provincial Buildings, as is also the Massachusetts-Halifax Health Commission. ISIiss ^Mackenzie is well known in her native province as a graduate and subsequently night su- pervisor of \'ictoria General Hospital, Halifax. She has also had ex- perience on the staff of the Ptere Brent Brigham Hospital, Boston, and has an excellent record of overseas military ser^'ice. blisses Margaret B. Fothergill, Catharine Graham, ^Slary Keating and Alice Godard have been appointed for work under the ^lassachu- setts-Halifax Health Commission. The last three nurses are members of the first class in public health nursing in Dalhousie University. Miss Mary Hayden has been appointed public health nurse for Yarmouth County, with headquarters in Yarmouth. Miss Gertrude Mackenzie has a similar appointment for Pictou County, with headquarters at Stellerton. A course in public health nursing has been established at the Uni- versity of British Columbia, the opening class starting in November. This course is under the combined departments of nursing and public health connected with the University. Miss ]\Iary Ard ]\Iackenzie, B.A.R.X., has been appointed under the department of Public Health and will have supervision of the field work and general arrangement and instruction of those taking this course, with the assistance of Miss Ethel I. Johns of the Xursing Department. Miss Mackenzie is widely known all over the Dominion, having been for several years chief su- perintendent of the \'.O.X. and as president of the Canadian Association of Trained X'urses. It's easy to laugh when the storm is o'er And your ship is safe in port ; Yes, easy to laugh when you're on the shore, Secure from the tempest's sport. But when wild waves wash o'er the storm-swept deck. And your gallant ship is a battered wreck. Ah. that is the time when it's well worth while To look in the face of defeat with a smile. E. C. AuRix. T H E C AN ADI AN NU RSE 673 JL/epartn>ent of »ylursiî>9 Û)aucaticT> Conducted by the Canadian Association of Nursing Education THE WESTERN UNRERSITY, LONDOX. ONT. PUBLIC HEALTH NURSING COURSE (Editor's Note: — This L^niversity has. with several others, brought pubUc health nursing into its curriculum. The Western University varies from some of the others in giving this course, not only to grad- uate nurses, but as an elective in the last year of the under-graduate nurse, a most desirable thing, and one which others will copy, it is hoped. The time-table at the end of the description of the course is, of course, only a tentative one.) The Western University Executive Committee has authorized an announcement of the course leading to certificate of public health nurse, beginning October 15th. 1920. and running 30 weeks, about 900 hours. Graduate nurses from accredited schools are eligible, and undergrad- uates who have four months left of their final year may, if the training hospital has arranged an elective choice for these four months, spend it in this course and be credited on their nursing diploma with the time thus spent. About one-half of the course will consist of field work, the nurse spending a certain time, under the supervisor, in the observation and study of school nursing, tuberculosis work, etc., and then being placed' to work under the school nurse, tuberculosis nurse, etc., whose work she has thus studied, thus doing the work herself under expert supervision. Each form of public health nursing will be thus first studied and then practiced in this manner. Clinics in contagious dis- eases, tuberculosis, etc., are included. The theoretical subjects will include psychology, educational psy- chology, mental hygiene, history and present status of public health nursing, principles and practice, home economics, dietetics, together with courses taken in conjunction with those given to graduate phy- sicians who are candidates for the D.P.H., including general hygiene, sanitation and public health work, preventive medicine, vital statistics, epidemiology, physics, chemistry and bio-chemistry, geology, prenatal, infant and child welfare, medical school inspection, sociology, gen. P.H. administration and special work in tuberculosis and venereal diseases, contagious hospital and sanatorium administration. Nurses who have had post-graduate courses, the equivalent of any of these or practical experience, may secure corresponding credits and exemptions. 674 THE CANADIAN NURSE Public health nurses already in practice, but desiring the certificate, may be allowed credits for experience and also may spread the course over two or more years, thus gradually acquiring the needed credits without suspending their present duties entirely. The courses are given by the full time staff of the Faculty of Public Health, Faculty of ^Medicine, and Faculty of Arts of Western University, the whole being under the direction of the Dean of the Faculty of Public Health. A Supervisor of Public Health Nursing, on the staff of the Institute of Public Health, will give the strictly nursing subjects and supervise the field work. The fee of $100.00, no extras, and remains the same whether the course be taken in one academic year or divided over two or more. NURSES 1 Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday 9-10 Physics Prac. Physics Prac. Prac. 10-11 Psycho. Prac. Psycho. Prac. Prac. 11-12 Gen. Hyg. Prac. Prev. Dis. Prac. Prac. 1-2 Parasito. 2-3 Vit. Stat. Bact. Tuberculosis Epid. Superv. 3-4 Bio-Chem. Bact. P. H. Adm. Superv. Geol. 4-5 Bio-Chem. Child Welf. Pers. Hyg. Geol. NURSES 2 Monday Tuesday Wednesday Vit. Stat. Thursday Fridaj-^ 9-10 P. H. Adm. Prac. Prac. Prac. 10-11 Psych. Prac. Prev. Dis. Prac. Prac. 11-12 Gen. San. Prac. Prenatal 10 weeks Prac. Prac. 1-2 2-3 Superv. Pub. Sp. 5 weeks Contag. Hosp. 10 weeks Epid. Prac. Prac. . 3-4 Sociology Pub. Sp. 5 weeks Superv. 10 weeks Superv. Prac. Prac. 4-5 Soc. Pers. Hyg. Child Welf. Prac. Prac. Courage, brother ! do not .stumble. Though thy path be dark as night ; There's a star to guide the humble — "Trust in God. and do the right." Though the road be long and dreary, And its ending out of sight, Foot it bravely, strong or weary — "Trust in God. and do the right." T H E CAN ADI AN N U RSE 675 By Elizabeth Robinson Scovil The Drug Habit The Canadian Government has issued some far-reaching regula- tions of the drug traffic in Canada. Measures are to be adopted which will make the carrying on of illicit drug traffic practically impossible. Compared with the three months ending June 30th last year, the amount of cocaine imported into Canada for the same period this year has dropped from 2,373 ounces to 605 ounces ; morphine fell from 11.098 ounces to 3.978 ounces, and opium from 7.931 pounds to 993 pounds. Experts in other countries state that Canada's method of overcom- ing the drug evil is being copied, and that th€ system is more compre- hensive, more practical, and, indeed, more successful, than any system yet devised. Sheep on the Battlegrounds The Royal Agricultural Society sent 430 sheep of the Suffolk, South- down and Kerry breeds to the neighborhood of the Upper Marne and near Rheims and Chalons. These have multiplied, and the fîocks now number 663. The Belgian farmers' wives are enthusiastic over the cattle sent. They are the hornless .variety, and were regarded as a great curiosity when they arrived. British cattle, sheep and pigs are also flour- ishing on the Somme. Can-\dian Indians in the War According to official records, more than 4,000 Indians enlisted for active service with the Canadian Expeditionary Force. This represents approximately 35 per cent, of the Indian male population of military age in the Dominion. Oil Fuel Instead of Coal Very successful experiments have recently been made in England in the substitution of oil for coal in locomotive engines. It is said that steam can be raised in half the time required with coal. Pumps and pipes take the place of hundreds of workmen who have to handle the solid fuel, and the furnace is fed automatically, so the fireman is dispensed with. There is no smoke nor cinders to inconvenience passengers. Straightening Children's Backs The school of massage at King's College Hospital, London, pre- scribe crawling exercises for children with curvature of the spine. The 676 THE CANADIAN NURSE crawling expands the chest and straightens the back. Two curves are used, and various movements of the arms and legs are taught. Ax Air Express Airplanes, flying 100 miles an hour, now maintain a regular daily ser\'ice between London and Paris, occupying two and a-half hours in the journey. During fourteen weeks, 2,500 passengers were carried by this route. The air way will, in time, be as common a route of travel as the railway. A Quakers' Pilgrimage William Penn. the founder of Pennsylvania, is buried at Jordons. in Buckinghamshire. Recently a number of Quakers from the United States visited his burial place. The old Jordons barn at this place is thought to have been built from the timbers of the Mayflower. Only one of the women pilgrims wore a Quaker bonnet. \\'ar Memorials It has been suggested that the most effective memorial for those who died at the front is the establishment of some form of permanent community' service, and that the community house in which this service centres should be erected as the memorial. Where ample funds are not available, schoolhouses may. with a little foresight, be adapted for com- munity centres. Some of the new ones are built with movable seats and partitions to provide room for motion pictures and social gatherings. Bulletin 11 of the War Camp Community Service has some good sug- gestions. It can be obtained from Xo. 1 Madison Avenue, New York. A League of Friexdship General Sir Arthur Currie, Principal of McGill. urges a league of friendship between Great Britain and the L'nited States, without which, he thinks, permanent peace is impossible. The closest kind of inter- national co-operation and understanding between Canada and the L'nited States is also desirable. LooKiXG Towards Reuxiox The preliminary meeting of the World Conference on Christian Faith and Order met at Geneva, Switzerland. It represented eighty churches and forty nations. It developed a new method of friendly conference, replacing fruitless controversy on the differences between the Christian churches. A continuation committee was appointed of Anglicans, Armenians, Baptists, Congregationalists, Disciples of Christ, Eastern Orthodox, German Evangelists, Lutherans, Methodists, Old Catholics, Presbyterians, Quakers and Reformed. How poor are they that have no patience! — Shakespeare. THECANADIANNURSE 677 Canadian Army Medical Nursing Service Department "XOTHIXG l^.UT A MEMORY NOW" It was pouring- rain, and from the frowsy bedroom window of The Louvre, that famous hostel known to all Canadian Sisters, we looked out on the glistening pavements of Boulogne, with its quaint spires, fascinating shops and crowds of cosmopolitan passers-by. December in France '17 was chilly, damp, and the wind blew up from the channel with a biting insistence, very trying to withstand. But who cared, with the sunshine of the South in sight and two long delightful weeks all to ourselves ? We pinned on our hats at firm angles and sallied down to dinner. At the next table sat two British Sisters, who gazed on our stars with an appraising eye. By the window were two Australians, who smiled gaily at us. They, too, were evidently bound South : while the sup- pressed mirth from a party of V.A.D. and ambulance-drivers in the corner pointed them out as possible companions. We had fried sole for dinner — would that it were more than a memory now ! — and twisty rolls and white cream cheese, and other items that France alone produces. After dinner, went to bed, first having painstakingly inscribed our names on the blackboard, to indicate to all that two Canadian Nursing Sisters wished to arise at 6 a.m. to catch the Paris express. This public avowal was about where it began and ended, for no 6 o'clock thump on the door was forthcoming, and 6.45 a.m. saw two wild-eyed Canadian Sisters, bundling themselves into their brass-buttoned coats and stumbling downstairs in the dim December light. "Pourquoi didn't you wake us?" we enquired feebly, but with a good accent (the phrase book hadn't told us how to get up early, though it talked about nearly everything else). A polite shrug was the only answer, and Monsieur pointed his finger at the board, which bristled with every name but ours — they had evidently erased them in a fit of cleanliness. But we had neither time nor fluency with which to argue the point, and so raced across the street and into the station, where a friendly corporal shouldered our luggage and trotted, puffing, behind us, to where a group of Sisters stood outside the carriage door — the most imposing one checking the names ofif the leave warrant. 678 T H E CAN ADIAN N URSE We were evidently the last, by their strained expression. Almost im- mediately the train pulled out into the wintry country-side, and, leaving Boulogne behind, we settled ourselves down for the day, feeling ner- vously once in a while to see if our bundle of franc notes still reposed in our innermost pocket. Etaples, Abbeville, Avignon (where a scanty lunch was obtained) were passed; the afternoon closed down and G o'clock saw us drawing into Paris. Like sheep, we followed our British leader, who, fitll of confidence, led the way down the platform. Dinner was our object, and that rather soon. Help, and hopes of sustenance in the shape of a valuable little French officer in the uniform of the British Red Cross, met us at the gateway with a cheery but determined smile. Not for nothing had he been conducting parties of strong- minded females from Paris to Cannes for the last year — Canadian and otherwise. "You will give your luggage to this man," indicating a Scottie cor- poral, "and you yourselves will, with me, come in the ambulance." "But we want our dinner," we protested nervously, "and we always keep our bags. You might lose them." He smiled witheringly and herded us into a grey ambulance, and we unhappily watched the Jock make away with the kit. Would we ever see it again ? But who has trusted the Scotch in vain ? Not the Sisters, certainly ; and it all turned up again in an hour's time as we climbed up into the train that was to carry us another twenty-four hours on our way. How many nights since, I wonder, have we spent sitting up in a closed carriage, rolled in rugs, the train racing southward, a fat poilu asleep in the corridor outside, and the snores of the British major in the next compartment sounding like a wheezy orchestral accompani- ment to the rumble of the wheels! But we slept, in cramped snatches, and awoke to sunrise on the Maritime Alps. We were in a new coun- try ; gone were the dreary stretches of snow-covered fields, the slushy station platforms and the bare trees of the North. We hardly knew the war was on. Marseilles platform was filled with a cosmopolitan crowd — pretty girls in gay dresses, smart ladies in frocks that we envied, and everywhere for sale the great baskets of tangerines gay with sprigs of myrtle. The sunshine faded, and our first glimpse of the Mediterranean was by moonlight as the train pulled into Cannes. The air was delight- fully warm, and, after an agitated search for a conveyance, we at last found a weedy-looking individual who mentioned that his destination was I'Hotel Esterelle. We all clambered in — British, Australian and Canadian — together and rumbled up the narrow streets. Cannes was gay with light, which itself was a sight to us accustomed to the murky darkness of the coast towns. The shops were filled with Christmas holly. It was almost unbelievable that only yesterday had we been m the slush and blackness of Boulogne; here all was life and color, with only an occasional khaki figure to remind us that the war was still on. T H E CAN ADI AN NU RSE 679 I wonder if anyone knows and appreciates fully what it is to wake up in the morning and realize that don't-have-to-get-up feeling? (Those words should be written in capitals.) It was almost too good to be true ; and we sat nervously up as a charming lady came in with a real "petit dejeuner" on a tray, and tried to look as if we were accustomed to it all our lives. From outside in the grand salon came the merry clatter of tongues, for it was Christmas Eve ; and the great tree stood in the centre of the room, and round about were dozens of Sisters and V.A.D's, making holly wreaths, winding tinsel and fashioning stylish bows for the fat and delightful cats. Xo one who has enjoyed the hospitality of I' Hotel Esterelle could ever forget those three delight- full pussies who balanced on the top of the pantry screen during dinner, curled up by the fire at tea-time and visited their friends all day from breakfast onward. Cannes was at its holiday best for the' Christmas season. The fruits and sweets were wonderful to behold — the pastries melted in our mouths. With baskets on arms, we shopped gaily. We patronized everything, from the hairdressers to the curio shops, and invested in linens, laces and gloves ; while gay and polite little mademoiselles, pressing us to buy, brought out great treasures of rare and lovely em- broideries, and coaxed the francs away from our Scotch and economical pockets. But it was Christmas, and we were far from home and sadly tempted. The day itself was cool and beautiful, and the early service in the little stone church at the foot of the hill brought out quite a number of Sisters. Then home to breakfast, and a long walk; and, after that, such a Christmas dinner — the kind that we rose from slowly, feeling that we could never look a turkey in the face again. At five came the gorgeous Christmas tree, with presents for all and three gay saucers for the three cats, presented with much merriment. A dance followed ; the gayest overseas Christmas that we had ever had. Xo one in our profession is addicted to getting up early — of that we are positive ; but when the day is fine, a seven-seated car at the door, and the exquisite coast-line of the Mediterranean at our feet, who could remain at home? .And so 7.30 a.m. saw a party of soberly- clothed but superlatively cheerful Canadians skimming down the road to Monte Carlo. It was bitterly cold, and we tied ourselves up in rugs and reminisced about home till the pangs of hunger assailed us, and we demanded a stop for "chocolat." "But breakfast you eat at Monte Carlo," said the perplexed driver, for he was not accustomed to Canadians. "Xo," we said, firmly and hungrily, "we're going to get out here." He regarded us glumly. That meant the first upset in his day's programme. But out we got, and the gayest of French waiters came out, rubbing his hands just as they do in the pictures, and we followed 680 THE CANADIAN NURSE him into a funny little salon, where madame sat and did lace work by the side of a tiled stove. In fifteen minutes we were on our way again, passing- row after row of white stucco villas, with the roses blooming over the doorways, sometimes circling around the bay. where a red- roofed town stretched down to the water's edge. After running smooth- ly for miles along a road bordered with sycamore and olive trees, upon which the black fruit grew in profusion, and, filled with a yearning for olives, the most agile Sister hopped out. but. judging from her expres- sion as she hastily got into the car again, her experience had been a very sour one. Alonte Carlo is a fascinating spot ; and the wonderful Casino, with its white porticos, through which the crowd was commencing to stream. was a sight we enjoyed. No one in uniform was allowed in during the gaming hours ; so at i) a.m. we were politely ushered out by bowing gentlemen with delightful black waxed whiskers, such as we had read about in novels but never before seen. There is no doubt that, as a nation, the French have a charming courtesy of manner that smooths the path of the traveller, though we must confess that the interchange of a five-franc note is a great inducement to the suave bow and the cordial "A'voir M'selle, bon voyage." Shopping in Nice ; a wonderful trip to the edge of Italy, where, leaning our elbows on the great stone culvert that marks the boundary between the two countries, we gazed out over the blue Mediterranean, and a long drive home through the mountains brought our day to a close. We almost had mental indigestion, so much had we seen that was new and interesting ; and we crawled thankfully into bed, blessing the man who had invented hot-water bags. The days passed with terrible rapidity, it seemed to us ; but such wonderful days as they were ; with the sunshine above, and the sea before us, and the playground of the world, as the Riviera is called, to explore as we would. One day to La Gorge de la Loup, where we motored through the Maritime Alps, crawling like flies on the clififs till we were above the clouds. Another exc|uisite sunshiny morning to St. Rafael, and still again to Grasse, where we watched the manufacture of the famous French perfumes — from the crushing of the petals of the violets and roses to the final distilling into the narrow-necked bottles. liut the North was calling us — there in the cold and damj) of the Channel towns were the long lines of tents and huts, where the con- voys streamed in daily and the work awaited us. So we packed our bulgy holdalls — the like of which we would not have been seen travel- ling with in Canada ; but overseas everybody's possessions seemed to stick out of their kits in imwierdly lumps that always disclosed their identity, which was hardly to be wondered at, considering that, in our dunnage bags, we carried everything from a stove to a set of golf sticks. I>ut ])ack them wc had to; and two mournful Canadian Sisters THE CANADIAN p\ U R S E 681^ stood on the Cannes platform, each chitching a larij;e wicker basket of tangerines, and wishing that leave had only just begun. H. M. D. Xo. T Canadian General Hospital. Congratulations to our American Sisters on the issue of the lîill granting relative rank to the members of the Army Xurse Corps. The measure was attained largely owing to the persistent and untiring efforts of that admirable doyen of the nursing world. Miss Anna C. Maxwell. Xew York. The following members of the Reserve of Officers have received the appointment of Xursing Sisters in the R.C.A.M.C. : Matron— Miss E. F. Pease, A.R.R.C. and R.R.C. Xursing Sister— Miss F. H. Wylie. A.R.R.C. and R.R.C. Matron— Miss L. G. Squire. A.R.R.C. and R.R.C. Xursing Sister— Miss L. C. Savard. A.R.R.C. and R.R.C. Xursing Sister — Miss R. T.. Wurtele (seconded to the Royal Mili- tary College). During September. Colonel and Mrs. J. J. Fraser (nee Xursing Sister G. B. McCullough. A.R.R.C. ") visited in Ottawa prior to leaving for the British Honduras, where Colonel Fraser has received an ai>point- ment with the British Civil Service: Mrs. Fraser promises a letter to this department after she becomes settled and acclimated. The Dominion Orthopaedic Hospital. Toronto, transferred to the S. C. R.. Xovemher 1st. Miss A. J. Hartley. R.R.C. and bar. taking over the duties of matron. Xursing Sister H. Drummond has been ajipointed to the staff' of the Sick Children's Hospital. Toronto. Xursing Sister G. Lightbound sailed for England on the 16th inst. It is her intention to take up public health nursing in London. X'ursing Sister G. Halpenny has returned from Simmons College. Boston, where she completed a course in public health nursing. The Jewish Benevolent Society of Ottawa are anxious to obtain the services of Xursing Sister Halpenny. and wish her to proceed to Poland to assist in the scheme for bringing Jewish orphans to Canada. ^latron Jean Stronach. R.R.C. of Sydenham Hospital. Kingston, spent Thanksgiving- Day in Ottawa. ^Matron Florence Grand has been appointed to the S.C.R. Hospital. St. Anne de Bellevue. This information appeared in the press some days previous to the date upon which Miss Grand's predecessor in office. ^latron F. W. Pyke. was notified that her services would no longer be required. Apart from the discourtesy, it would seem as if an injustice has been done Matron Pyke. This incident further shows the 682 THE C'A NADIAN NURSE need of some one to specially look after the interests of the Department of Nursing, S.C.R. The C.A.M.C. Xursing Reserve provides a large field from which the selection of a matron-in-chief. S.C.R.. might suitably be made. Marriages At Knox Church. Winnipeg. 28th September, 19'20, Xursing Sister Mina Mowat. A.R.R.C. to :\Ir. R. Douglas Waugh. Mr. and Mrs. W'augh left immediately for Geneva, Switzerland, where they will re- side for the next few vears. The Poz^'cr of the Alumnae. Annette Alison. R.X. ; printed by Everett S. Dowdle, Oakland. Cal. This book opens the door to a viewpoint that is too generally neg- lected — that of the power of the alumnae, who could so often do more to change conditions in her training school and work for a higher standard of the nursing profession than anyone else. She alone knows the hospital from its inside, its strong points, and the weak features of the training. Miss Alison is to be congratulated on producing this book, and it is hoped that all training school alumnae associations will take advantage of the power that is theirs. Everyday Month Hygiene. Joseph Head. M.D.. D.D.S.. Dentist to the Jefferson Hospital. Philadelphia: r2mo.. of 67 pages, with 39 illus- trations. Philadelphia and London : W. B. Saunders Company, 1920. Cloth, $1.00 net. In spite of constant reiteration that many diseases arise from un- cleanliness and decay of the teeth, this book shows clearly that many methods of cleansing the mouth have been failures, and this book makes the proper way clear and definite. Dr. Head is the dentist of the Jef- ferson Hospital, Philadelphia, and sees the need of clearer instruction to the nurse-in-trainiu"^. American Pocket Medical Dictionary. Edited by W. A. Newman Dor- land, M.D., Editor American Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 11th edition, revised and enlarged. ;32mo.. of 71? pages. Philadelphia and London: W. B. Saunders Company. 1919. Flexible leather, gold edges: ])lain. $1.7.5 net: thumb index. $2.00 net. THE CANADIAN NURSE 683 vl/vcspitals ana _Jl aT\a -yvurses NEW BRUNSWICK Miss -A. lUirns has gone to Toronto to take up work with the \'ic- torian Order of Xurses. A great many of the i^rackiate nurses, as well as several of the \'ictorian Order nurses, assisted Dr. Roberts. Minister of Health, in the child welfare exhibit recently held in St. John. Congratulations are extended to Mrs. W. L. Rcid (formerly Julia Peters). Mrs. H. Mercer ( Xan Day). Mrs. DeW'itt Cairns and Mrs. R. Hawker (Edith Armstrong") on recent arrivals in their families. On September 15th the nurses gave a novelty shower, in honor of Miss Gertrude Wilson (class 1913). at the residence of Mrs. J. H. Vaughan. Dainty refreshments were served, and a very pleasant even- ing spent. Miss Starrs has gone to Fredericton on the staff of the hospital, in charge of the operating-room. Miss Story has taken the position recently made vacant at the Evangeline Home by the resignation of Miss Starr. Miss Margaret Davies has returned from overseas. ]\Iiss Géraldine Morris (General Public Hospital, 1917) is taking a special course at the Montreal Maternity Hospital. Miss Sniven (General Public Hospital. 1915) has accejited a posi- tion in the Memorial Hospital. St. Stephen. X.B. Miss Pearl Fox (1916) has gone to Winnipeg. Miss Alethea Gilmour (1920) has gone to Detroit to practice her profession. ]Mrs. Fox and Miss McDonald (1907) have accepted positions in the Mayo Hospital. Rochester, Minn. The regrets of the association are expressed at the resignation of Miss Burns, who is leaving the province to take up other work. Mrs. A'aughan has been elected vice-president in her place, and her interest in the profession is well known. Miss Hattie Blanche, a graduate of the St. John General Public Hospital, who has been in charge of one of the floors in that institution, left recently to assume a responsible position in the Houlton (Me.) Hospital. Miss Belle B. Howe, who for the past four years has had charge of the surgical outdoor department in the General Public Hospital here. 684 T H E CAN ADI AN NV RSE will neave next Wednesday for Xe\v York, to accept the position of nig-ht supervisor of the Xew York Hospital. A successful pantry and home-cooking sale was held under the auspices of the Graduate Xurses' Association. St. John Chapter, for the purpose of raising money to erect a memorial to commemorate the memory of Xursing Sister Anna Stamers, who was drowned when the Llandovery Castle was torpedoed by a German submarine and sunk during the war. A substantial sum was realized. ]\Iiss Ella McGaffi- gan. convener, was assisted by }klrs. Leonard Dunlop, ]\Irs. A. P>urn- ham. ]\Irs. McLellan, ^liss Holt, Miss Fraser, Mrs. J- \ aughan, }iliss Eva Smith and Mrs. Fenwick ]\IcKelvie. NOVA SCOTIA The marriage of Elizabeth, widow of Dr. J. J. Doyle, and Dr. E. \'. Hogan, which took place at Long Island, X. Y.. is of special interest to members of the medical and nursing professions. Mrs. Doyle has been always a most active and interested member, and was last year, by unanimous vote, elected president of the Graduate Xurses" Association ; and as Xursing Sister and Matron at Cogswell Street Hospital she was also most popular. As an eminent surgeon of Hahfax. and for his dis- tinguished services overseas, Col. Hogan is also well known. He suc- ceeded Col. Stewart as commanding officer of the Dalhousie Hospital Unit. Miss Anna Brennen (A'.G.H., '19) accompanied her aunt, Mr>. Hogan, to Xew York, and will remain for some time. Other \'. G. graduates visiting Xew York this winter are Miss Ethel Redmond and Miss McLean. Miss Rutherford, who visited Halifax this month after several years' absence, was very warmly welcomed and entertained by St. Joseph's (G. B. ) graduates now on duty at Camp Hill Hospital, and other friends. QUEBEC Royal \'tctoria Hospit.m.. Moxtrf.ai. Miss Ada lUirton-Morriss (R.\'.H.. '19) has resigned her position as dietitian in the Ross Memorial Pavilion. Miss Cora Archibald, of the class of 1!mi7. has returned after an absence of several years, during which time she was overseas. She has taken the jiosition left vacant l)y Miss Burton-Morriss. T H E CAN ADl AN N U RSE 685 Miss \. Peck (R.\.H., '1? j lias recently resigned her position on the hospital staff, and is doing- private nursing. Miss Ruth Cameron ( RA'.H., '17) paid a short visit to the hos- pital some weeks ago. She was en route from \'ancouver, where she has spent the last two years. Miss Goodhue visited Newfoundland this summer on a holiday trip. While in St. Johns, she was entertained by several R.WH. graduates. Recent graduates taking charge of wards are: Miss Lawlor, Miss Mittan, Miss Cruise, Miss Pendleton. Miss McCake. Miss Freeze. Miss Lindsay ('98) is at present filling the position of night super- intendent in the R.\\H. The nurses have greatly enjoyed, during the summer, the new tennis court given to them by Sir Vincent Meredith. A number of them engaged in a tournament, and a handsome silver cup was won by Miss ]\Iary Lawson. class of 1922. The annual election of ofificers took place in the Nurses' Home at a largely attended meeting. Miss Goodhue was unanimously returned to the president's chair. Miss Dorothy Cotton addressed the assembly, telling of the Rou- manian unit, of which she has been chosen matron. The Canadian Nursing ^Mission has been organized for the purpose of introducing modern nursing methods into Roumania. The mission will sail for Roumania November 5th, on the steamer "Scotian." All of the eight nurses who comprise the mission are Canadian born. Madame Ethel Greening Pentazzi is the organizer of the mission. Miss Helen Kendall, R.\'.H. 1916 surgical nurse, served in France with the Canadian Hos- pital Unit. Miss J. Graham. M.G.H., served in France with C.A.M.C. ^liss Olive Fitgibbon. R.\'.H., served in France C.A.M.C. Certificate for teaching French. Miss Dorothy Cotton, matron R.\'.H., served as Nursing Sister in England and France with the Anglo-American Unit at Petrograd ; Acting Matron at the I.O.D.E. Officers' Hospital, London ; Matron Camp Hill Hospital, N. S. ^liss Garfield MacKay, Newport, R. L, Hospital, went to France with Post Unit; went to Roumania with Cafrel Unit. Miss Margaret Killmaster, specialist in obstetrics, §^rad- uate Philadelphia General Hospital, served in France. Miss Clare Car- ter, Winnipeg General Hospital and Boston Cooking School, served in France. Miss Helen Buck, superintendent Buffalo General, was a guest of the R.\'.H. during convention week. Miss Helen Kendall, who has resigned as supervisor of the operat- ing-room of the Winnipeg General, was a visitor, en route to Sydney, Cape Breton, before sailing for Roumania November 5th. Miss Janet Slattery is at present assistant supervisor of the oper- ating-room. Winnipeg General Hospital. 686 THE CANADIAN NURSE ]\Hss Gene Currie and ^liss Ruth James have returned from a trip to the coast. Miss Marjorie Warren is doing special nursing, after a pleasant summer in the \Miite Mountains. ONTARIO Toronto The first meeting for the season of the T.G.H. Alumnae was held in the nurses' residence of the hospital on Wednesday evening. October .27th. Miss E. McP. Dickson, the new president, in the chair. After the reading of the minutes of the annual meeting, held in June, and of executive meeting, and discussions on the actual time of the alumnae year and payment of fees, the president, who brings honor to our alum- nae, as she is also president of C.N. A.T.N. , announced to the associa- tion the good news of the establishing of a course at !McGill for hos- pital administration and nurse teachers, and asked if we. as an association, would subscribe individually and send our collection to the C.N. A. to provide a scholarship at McGill for Canadian nurses. After a very short discussion, the association accepted the suggestion, and, at an early date, hope to have a goodly sum to send in. The meeting then adjourned to the reception-room, where Miss Locke, on behalf of Miss Gunn (who, unfortunately, had been called out of town), received the members, about fifty being present, and a social hour was spent, re- freshments being served by the head nurses as Miss Locke's assistants. Two members of the undergraduates, ]\Iiss Fisher of the senior class singing very delightfully several times and Miss Morrison playing the piano. The .\lumnae Association of St. Michael's Hospital Training School for Nurses held their annual meeting in the assembly hall of the hospital Monday evening. May lUth. The following were elected for the ensuing year: President— ^Miss Julia O'Connor. 853 Bathurst Street, Toronto. "First Vice-President — Miss Mary L Foy. Second Nice- President — Miss G. lUirke. Third \'icc- President — Miss T. Marrin. Corresponding Secretary — Miss M. lUdlontyne, 18 Elm Grove Ave., Toronto. Recording Secretary — Miss ^L Miller. G1 Simpson .\ve.. Toronto. Treasurer — Miss B. Oaks, 148 Frederick Street, Kitchener, Ont. First Director— Mrs. P. W. O'Brien. Second Director — Mrs. J. llafFey. Third Director— Miss B. Walsh. THE CANADIAN NURSE 687 Representative to Central Registry for Nurses — Miss E. Stubher- field, 477 Parliament Street, Toronto. Press Representative — Miss C. McBride, 456 Palmerston Avenue, Toronto. An active campaign is being conducted by the graduates of St. Michael's Hospital for furnishings for the new nurses' residence which is nearing completion. This campaign promises to be a great success. Woodstock The first annual meeting of the Woodstock General Ilos])ital Alumnae was held September 27th, at the nurses' residence, the presi- dent. Miss M. H. Mackay, in the chair. After a short business session, a miscellaneous shower was given Miss Frances Brooks, a graduate of the 1919 class. Appropriate addresses were given by Miss F. Sharpe and Mrs. \'. L. Francis. Hamilton ?^Iiss Heath, till recently one of the supervisors at Hamilton Gen- eral Hospital, has accepted a position as assistant superintendent of the Presbyterian Hospital. New Orleans. Miss McPherson, of the FI.G.H., is taking the course in nursing at McGill University, ^Montreal. Miss Mary Bremner has returned to the H.G.H. after taking the summer course at Columbia University, New York. Miss Scarpet. industrial nurse for the Imperial Cotton Co., has re- turned from Boston, where she had been sent by the company in the interest of her work. Miss Barclay has severed her connection with Armour & Co., and accepted a position with the Babies' Welfare Association. The many friends of Nursing Sister Ida Carr will be pleased to learn that she is well enough to leave Gravenhurst, and is now at her home in St. Mary's. Miss Boyle, who has been doing private duty work in Hamilton, has moved with her family to Detroit. Miss Edith Insole was presented with a beautiful bag by the nurses of Hamilton's Central Registry, who wish her every success in her new work. Miss Kathleen Cassin was elected to take the place of Miss Bertha Tamieson, owing to the latter leaving the city, on the executive com- mittee of the Central Registry. GUELPH Miss Eisele recently resigned as president of the Guelph Hospital Alumnae Association, to accept the position of superintendent of the 688 THE CANADIAN NURSE hospital in Prince Albert, Sask. Aliss Ferguson was elected in her place as presiding officer of the association. ^liss Smith, graduate of the Guelph General Hospital, has left the city, to be on the nursing staff of Melville Hospital. St. Catharines The annual meeting of the Alumnae Association of the Mack- Training School, General and Marine Hospital, was held September 1st in the Nurses' Home. After the election of officers, and other routine business. Miss Uren served tea. and a social time was thoroughly en- joyed. IMiss Alice Knight (1918) has accepted a position as night super- visor at the Agnew Sanitorium and Hospital, San Diego, Gal. ^liss Helen Xisbet has resigned her position as night supervisor at the G. and M. Hospital, St. Catharines, and has been appointed superin- tendent at the Cottage Hospital, Xiagara-on-the-Lake. Miss \'era Brebner (1918) has accepted a position on the staff of the Brooklyn Hospital. Xew York. Miss Caroline Freel (1919) has been appointed night supervisor of the G. and M. Hospital, St. Catharines. ALBERTA The annual meeting of the Alberta Association of Registered N^urses was held with the Alberta Hospital Association in Calgary, October 20-'>2. After the business meeting the relationship between the provincial and local associations was discussed, the opening discussion being by Mrs. Manson, of Edmonton. Opportunities for service imder the Red Cross Society, Mrs. Waagen, and the public health section arranged by Miss Christine Smith, which included "The public health nurse as a teacher in the rural districts," by Miss E. M. Davidson ; "The public health nurse and the control of acute communicable diseases," by Miss Gladys Thurston, and "How can the public health nurse advance child welfare work in connection with health inspection of schools in the rural districts," by Miss L. E. Runinas ; "Child welfare work in the cities," Miss B. Emerson ; "The public health nurse and tuberculosis control," by Miss \'ocotria Ray ; and "The district nursing problem," by Miss G. de Turbeville, closed the programme of i)ai)ers. Discussion on legislation desirable for the association and a sym- posium on training of nurses by the combined associations covered the nursing topics at the meetings. THE CANADIAN NURSE 689 BIRTHS HoDGESON — At the Montreal Maternity Hospital, Montreal, to Dr. and Mrs. F. Hodgeson (Xorah Anderson, R.X'.H., 1!)1<S), a daughter. Joyce — At the Montreal Maternity Hospital, to I^r. and Mrs. Cecil Joyce (Muriel Penny, R.WH.j, a daughter. Joyce — On October 1st. l!)2o, at the Montreal Maternity Hospital. to Dr. and Mrs. C. R. Joyce (Miss Muriel Penny. R.X'.H., '13). a daughter. Lewis — To Mr. and ^Irs. J. A. Lewis (Carrie Humphries, G. and M. Hospital, St. Catharines, 1!)16), on August 25th, at Kindersly, Sask., a daughter. ^L\cIxTOSH — At Brandon, Man., October 1st. 1920. to Capt. and Mrs. W. M. Macintosh (Hilda MacDonald, R.\M-I., UJlôj, a daughter. McKay — At the Montreal Maternity Hospital, September 30th, 1920, to Dr. and Mrs. Fred. .McKay (Miss Marian Crowell, R.V.H., 1911), a son. ]\L\cMiLL.\N — At the Montreal Maternity Hospital, August 27th, 1920, to Dr. and Mrs. John MacMillan (Miss Edith Leslie, R.V.H., 1912), a daughter. Moorish— At Sceptic, Sask., in August, to Dr. and Mrs. Walter Moorish (Miss Lilian Strachan, R.\'.H., '19), a daughter. Sxelgrove— At Fort William, to Mr. and :\Irs. R. A. Snelgrove (formerly Miss Mary A. Robinson, Toronto General Hospital, 1915), a daughter. Stewart— September 16th. 1920. To Mr. and Mrs. Walter Stew- art, 1:1:9 Sherbrooke Street, West, IMontreal, a son. Mrs. Stewart was Miss May Sharp (R.V.H., '07). MARRIAGES Boivix-Darche— At Danville. Que.. September 16th. 1920, the 49th anniversary of the marriage of the bride's parents. Berthe Darche (R.V.H., 1918) to Mr. J. R. Boivin, of Hull. Que. Browx-Moore— On Saturday, October 30th, 1920, at St. John's Episcopal Church, Saskatoon. Doris :\Iarie, daughter of Mrs. E. L. Moore. Cudworth, Sask.. to Lieut. LeeRoy L. Brown, D.F.C.. R.A.F., of London, England, son of Mrs. ^L L. Brown, Anlac. X. B. :\Irs. Brown is a graduate of the W.G.H., class '17, and has served two years with the C.A.M.C. Craig-Brooks— At Woodstock, Ont., New St. Paul's Church, Sep- tember 28th, 1920, Frances Brooks to Nathaniel Craig, of London, Ont. Mrs. Craig is a graduate of Woodstock General Hospital, class 1919. 690 THE CANADIAN NURSE DuxcAX-PoLLARD — At Xanaimo, October 9th. 1920, Sarah Vic- toria Pollard ( Royal Jubilee Hospital, \'ictoria. 1920 ) to Mr. George Marr Duncan. Farlixger-McCorouadale — At Embor. Ont.. Sept. -ith, 1920. Miss Sara J. ^IcCorqtiadale (Royal \'ictoria Hospital. Montreal, 1919) to Dr. Anderson Farlinger (McGill. 'IT). At home. New Liskeard. Ont. Freemax-Eatox— At W'olfville, X. S., on October 12th, 1920, El- more Blanche Eaton (A'ancouver General Hospital), daughter of Mr. and Mrs. L. H. Eaton, to Dr. Edward H. Freeman. Hamiltox-Bouldex — At Ste. Anne de Bellevue. Que., on Sept. 22nd. 1920, :\Iuriel Gladys Boulden ( R.V.H.. 1916) to Mr. James Hamilton. Harris-Emerv — On Saturday. September ISth. 1920. at Christ Church. W'anstead. England. Miss Una Emery ( M.T.S.. class 1915) to Mr. Xorman Harris. McLachlix-McPhersox — In Stratford, at the home of the bride's parents. September 18th, 1920, Fannie Eisher IMcPherson (R.V.H., 1918) to Lieut. Leash McLaughlin, of Toronto. McRae-Millmax — At the Church of the Transfiguration. X'^ew York. October 9th. 1920, Elizabeth McKenzie Millman (T.G.H., 1910) to Mr. John Stevens McRae. At home. 84 High Street. Orange. X. T- Laurie-Dallimore — At 389 King William Street, by Rev. P. W. Philpott. October 16th, 1920, Beatrice Dallimore (graduate of Hamil- ton General Hospital) to Gavin S. Laurie, of this city. Reid-Braxdox — At Toronto. August 2nd, by Rev. C. \\'. Watch, Martha Irene Brandon (T.G.H., 1913) to Mr. G. Waher Reid. of Cannington, Ont. Richards-Galloway — At First Methodist Church, on Wednesday afternoon, October l-4th, 1920, by the pastor. Dr. Hughson, Evelyn Grace Galloway (graduate of Hamilton General Hospital), daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Chas. E. Galloway, of 108 George Street, to Albert Edgar Richards, son of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Richards, of W'aterdown. Robsox-Wasiiixgtox — At Toronto, October 6th. 1920. Gwen- doline \'ictoria Washington (T.G.H., 1919) to Dr. Russell Beattie Robson, of Walkerville. Saxdersox-Wilsox — At St. John, X. B.. September 28th, 1920, Miss Gertrude C. Wilson (General Public Hospital, St. John, X. B., class 1912) to John M. Sanderson, Prince Albert, Sask. Spicer-Mixgav — The marriage is announced of Miss Ada Made- line Mingay (\'ancouver General Hospital, 1917), superintendent of the Drumheller Municipal Hospital, Drumheller, xA.lta., and daughter of Mr. Frederick Mingay, of Edmonton, to Mr. Erie Daniel Spicer, of Saskatoon, Sask., son of Mr. and Mrs. R. W. Spicer. Xova Scotia, at Lloydminster, Sask., on September 15th. T H E CAN ADI AN N V RSE 691 Stevens-Nash — At Detroit, Mich., October 6th, 1920, Ada Helen Nash (Victoria Hospital, London) to Mr. Alva Porter Stevens. Toller-Fitzgerald — On Wednesday. October 6th, 1020, by Rev. J. O. ]\Iulvale, Rhea Elizabeth (graduate of Hamilton General Hos- pital), eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Fitzgerald, 49 Fairleigh Avenue, South, to John Arnot Toller, of Montreal. Walsh-Tree— On Wednesday, September 29th, 1920, by the Rev. J. Annesley. Delia Maude Tree (graduate of Hamilton General Hos- pital) to Hiram Albert Walsh, both of this city. COMBATING VENEREAL DISEASES. The Canadian National Council for Combating Venereal Diseases was formed in Alay, 1919. It is a voluntary organization founded as part of the Dominion Government scheme for combating venereal dis- eases in Canada. Its objects are to assist the Government in its treat- ment scheme and, in addition, to do all other things possible which will tend to enable the country to rid itself of this scourge. Subsidy and Work by the Provinces The Dominion Government, through its newly formed Federal De- partment of Health, has already begun to take an interest in the venereal disease problem. It has planned to launch a campaign against venereal diseases, and with this end in view a grant of $200,000 has been made to the various provinces to assist them in their work. A similar amount will be expended by the provinces, and, through a Department of Venereal Diseases in each province, it is expected that facilities for treatment will be multiplied. His Excellency the Governor-General has consented to act as patron. The Council is making progress and development by means of its pro- vincial and other committees. A Committee on Sex Education has been formed, with Professor Peter Sandiford as chairman, and the following members : Dr. O. C. J. Withrow, Dr. Margaret Patterson, Dr. Anne Young and Miss Cherry. An investigation is to be commenced to determine the amount of syphilis in Canada. Steps are being taken to interest Canadian Manufacturers' Associa- tions and Boards of Trade in the necessity of working out an educa- tional plan to be used among employers in various parts of the country. Undoubtedly many employees are infected with venereal disease. The fact that this results in a marked lessening of efficiency is of dis- tinct interest to the manufacturer, and it is believed that a carefully worked out scheme for the education of employees will meet with a sympathetic reception. 692 T H E CAN ADI AN N U RSE This would include the designing of posters, educational pay en- velope enclosures, etc.. and possibly the use of moving pictures, leaf- lets, and lectures in factories. Where possible, arrangements should be made for the treatment of infected employees either by plant doctors or at clinics to be established by the government. Provincial committees are asked to encourage all methods of healthy recreation and especially playgrounds and recreation centres. The Council is also at work on a plan for obtaining funds to start a widespread campaign in which moving- pictures, leaflets, speakers, and the press will play a prominent part. The Educational Department are arranging for illustrated talks, using lantern slides, films and charts, in clubs, church organizations, manufacturing plants, Y.M.C.A., Y.W.C.A., Home and School Associa- tions, etc. A Speakers Committee for this purpose is in process of for- mation. Suitable literature for free distribution is being prepared and a monthly bulletin covering the Dominion activities of the Council will be issued. The wonderful film drama, "The End of the Road," which has been shown during the last two months in Ontario, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and British Columbia, has created and stimulated interest in the venereal disease campaign. Much favorable comment has been re- ceived from leading ministers, doctors, lawyers, business men, etc., many of whom have given short addresses in connection with the screening of this film, which has played to capacity houses wherever shown, over 200,000 people having already seen it. and it is still going strong. Free clinics, which are a part of the government scheme for the- treatment of venereal diseases, have been established in Toronto, Ham- ilton, London, and Windsor, under the jurisdiction of the Provincial Board of Health of Ontario, and more will be opened shortly. A Florence Nightingale Centennial Calendar is being prepared by the Committee of Education of the League of Nursing Education, the proceeds to be devoted to a fund for the new National Nursing head- quarters in New York. The calendar will have an attractive cover, in colors, and will contain a short characteristic quotation from Miss Nightingale's writing for every day in the year. The cost will be ILOO, and the calendars may be secured in single copies or quantities from Miss Albaugh. National Nursing Headquar- ters, 15fi P^ifth Avenue. New York. It is hoped that nursing schools and nursing organizations in Canada will unite with the American or- ganizations in pushing the sale of these calendars, not only as a mem- orial to Miss Nightingale, whose centennial we celebrate this year, but also as a means of establishing a much-needed centre of nursing in- formation and assistance, which is expected to .serve the nurses of tiie whole countrv. THE CANADIAN NURSE 693 The Infinite Love of God The cross is the sign arc! the proof to us of the absokitely infinite love of God for us — love which has no limits, and will even suffer for us — that we may live, ^^'e know from everyday experience that the suf- fering of the innocent for the guilt has great power. It is the love of innocent and pure women, for instance, which can alone undo the wrong that men do to those whom they seduce. It is the loving care of the hospital doctors and nurses that undoes the harm done by the employer of sweated labor, who rakes in his shekels at the cost of the health and lives of men and women. All through life, men and women are bearing each other's burdens, and atoning for each other's sins. And the power to bear the burden that another has laid is proportionate to one's own innocence and love. .-\nd now into this process comes infinite love and infinite innocence, the love ard innocence of the Son of God. Hence we know that in the end all the evil of the world will work itself out on Him and will be expatiated. Even so, our sinner will not be satisfied. He will not be content to watch and see his Lord suffering for him. His prayer, if he is really repentant, will be. "'Lord, give me something to do. give me some burden to bear, that I too may love." This is the instinct of the wholesome man. and Jesus Christ does not deny his request. His answer is. "Be a member of my body ; share my suffering for the sins of the world ; be crucified with me." And the man will be glad that he is accounted worthy to suffer in the name of the Lord Jesus. So. and only so. is the Christian salvation perfect. It gives not only forgiveness and peace, but the self-respect which only comes from work. The Church is the body of Christ, and it is only a living body if its members suffer with Him for the sins of the world, and in love and humility try to help others to bear their burden. — Dox.vld H.vnkev. Still one thing remains to furnish the house beautiful, without which guests and books and flowers only emphasize the fact that the house is not a home. I mean the warm light in the rooms that comes from kind eyes, from quick unconscious smiles, from gentleness in tones, from little unpremeditated caresses of manner, from habits of forethoughtfulness for one another — all that happy illumination which, in the inside of a house, corresponds to morning sunlight outside falling on quiet dewy fields. — William Channing Gaxnet. NURSING BOOKS Technical Books — It there is any book on nur?insr 3'ou want, write us and we will try to get it for you — The Canadian Xur=e. 302 Fifteenth A\enue. East Burnabv. B. C. Bellevue Hospital offers to Reg- istered Nurses institutional positions at $72.00 per month and maintenance. Apply to General Superintendent of Training School. Bellevue Hospital, New York City. 694 THE CANADIAN NURSE HOME FOR NURSES Graduate Nurses wishing to rln pri- vate duty will find at Miss Pjan < Home for Graduate Nurses (cornect ed with one of the largest private sanatoriums in the city) a splendid opportunity to become acquainted and established in their profession. Ad- dress 106 West 61st Street. New York City. Phone: Co'unibiis 7780 7781. WANTED ASSISTANT to the Registrars of The Central Registry of Graduate Nurses. Toronto. Must be graduate nurse of good standing. State ex- perience. Applications received bj^ the Secretary of Central Registry Council, 295 Sherbourne Street, Tor- onto, up to September 30th, 1920. WANTED A SUPERINTENDENT of Nurses for Kingston General Hospital. State qualifications, institutional experience and salary desired. Apply to the Secretary, General Hospital, Kingston, Ontario. NURSES PLMXD IN HOSPlXAlyS OUR ENTIRE ORGANIZATION devotes itself to the placing of competent hospital super- intendents, superintendents of nurses' training schools, dietitians and nurses in desirable hos- pital positions We serve both the hospital with nurses and nurses with hospital positions. Twenty-one years in business, the largest pro- fessional service for professional people of its kind in the United States. '•FINDING Write for free book THE NURSE AND THE POSITION" FINDING Central Registry of Nurses 30 N. Michigan Ave. CHICAGO H0SPITAIS5UPP1IED WITH NURSi;S WANTED GRADUATE NURSES for general ward duty. Salary $90 per month and maintenance. Apply to the Supervising Nurse, Philadelphia Hos- pital for Contagious Diseases, Second and Luzerne Sts., Philadelphia, Pa. THE BELLEVUE TRAINING SCHOOL offers a Post-Graduate Course of six months in Psychiatric Nursing to graduates of recognized training schools. This course will in- clude the training necessary in nurs- ing mental cases in private practice; special instruction given in psychia- tric social work and in the care of nervous and atypical children. $40.00 per month and maintenance will be allowed, and a certificate will be given at the satisfactory comple- tion of the course. For further information, apply to Gen. Supt. of Training Schools, Bellevue Hospital, N.Y. City. Post Graduate Training School for Nurses Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital 2 10 East 64th Street, New York City Offers a course in special diseases and oper- ating-room training of the eye, ear and throat. The course will be both theoretical and prac- tical. Instruction will be given by means of lectures, demonstration, teaching at the bed- side and in the regular performance of duties. The new residence for nurses, which has been occupied since January, 1918, provides separ- ate rooms and excellent facilities for the com- fort of the nurses. A registry is maintained for our graduates at the Hospital, and a limited nurnber of graduates who complete the course of instruction may obtain perma- nent institutional positions. Graduate nurses from recognized schools will be admitted for a term of six months. Remuneration, Thirty Dollars ($30.00) per month and uniforms. Lodging, board and laundry free. For fur- ther information, apply to SUPERINTENDENT OF NURSES. 210 East 64th Street, New York City THE CANADIAN NURSE 695 [eeDle or Disordered Uiqesl :ion "Ovaltine" solves the difhciiliy experienced in cases of feeble or disordered digestion of ensuring the adminis- tration of adequate nutriment without taxing the weak- ened digestive functions. It is super-nourishment rendered easy of assimilation, and represents the highest possible food value in a concentrated form •OvaUine" is the very marrow of recuperauve. restorative ^n* energièing materials It is a "natural way tome, and is free from drugs or chemicals. The dthcious flavour of ••Ovaltine" makes it acceptable to the most fastidious. No cooking— no fuss or irouWIe One or more teaspoonfuls are merely added to hot milk, or milk and water TONIC FOOD BEVEEAGE ••Ovaltine" is valuable to the nurse herself and enables her to withstand the fatigue and worry o( her arduous profession. 0/ all Druggists ami Stores. Tht makcn will be pictted to send lo a qualified nurse a suttlclent quantity tor trial In any case the bat under her charge. Matn/tiliÊni tf A. WANDER U4., London, Eng. Toronto : 21. front St. B*at. iMmlm tit».} 696 THE CANADIAN NURSE The Neurological Institute of New York offers a six months' Post Graduate Course to Nurses. Thorough practical and theo- retical instruction will be given in the con- duct of nervous diseases, especially in the application of water, heat, light, electricity, suggestion and re-education as curatiTe measures. $30.00 a month will be paid, together with board, lodging and laundry. Applica- tion to be made to Miss G. M. Dwyer, R.N., Supervisor of Nurses, 149 East 67th St., New York City. THE Graduate Nurses' Registry and Club Phone Seymour 5834 Day and Night Registrar — Mis» Archibald 779 Bute St., Vancouver, B.C. ae^er for Children There is underclothing, night dresses, pyjamas, coats, stockings, knitted jerseys, knitted suits, knitted caps, slippers, sandals, gloves, mitts, and, for infants, there are spencers, bootees, in- fantees, overalls, etc. A fully illustrated catalogue free on application. For Sale at Jaeger Stores and Asencie* tbroaghoat Canada. DR. JAEGER^"'^;jt^»»""co. limited Toronto Montreal Winnipeg British "founded 1883" MISERICORDIA HOSPITAL, NEW YORK CITY TRAINING SCHOOL FOR NURSES Course, two years and six months. Hospital of 325 beds, including Medical, Surgical, Obstetrical and Children's Departments. Theoretical and practical instruction throughout course given by attending physicians and competent nurse instructors, embracing subjects outlined by the State Board of Regents. Monthly allowance with maintenance provided. For further information, apply to Superintendent, 531 East 86th Street, NEW YORK CITY, N. Y. Victorian ©rder of Nurses A Post Graduate Course Of four months in District and Pul)lic Health Nursing for graduate nurses is given at the Training Centres of the Order, namely: Montreal, Toronto, Halifax, Winnipeg and Vancouver. For full information, apply to the Chief Superintendent, Room 4, Hol- brook Chambers, 104 Sparks Street, Ottawa, Ont. T H E CAN ADl AN NURSE 697 THE NEW BRUNSWICK ASSOCIATION OF GRADUATE NURSES President — Miss Margaret Murdoch, G.P.H., St. John. Vice-Presidents — Miss Ada Burns, St. John; Miss Branscombe, St. Stephens; Miss E. Sanson, Fredericton; Miss McMaslers, Moncton; Miss E. Keys, Newcastle. Registrar — Miss Annie Why te, Doaktown. Treasurer — Miss Mitchell, St. John. Recording Secretary — Mrs. Leonard Dunlop, St. John. Corresponding Secretary — Miss M. J. Murdie, 35 Carleton Street, St. John; Miss M. Fraser, St. John; Mrs. Jno. Vaughan, St. John. Regular Monthly Meeting — Second Monday, 8 p.m. THE ALUMNA ASSOCIATION OF THE WOMEN'S HOSPITAL, MONTREAL Hon. President, Miss E. F. Trench, Superintendent of Nurses, Women's Hospital; President, Mrs. A. Chisholm, 26 Lome Avenue; Vice-President, Miss H. A. I. Wyman, 305 MacKay Street; Secretary-Treasurer, Miss J. E. Smithers, Women's Hospital. Conveners of Committees — Finance, Miss E. F. French; Social, Miss H. A. T. Wyman; Sick Visiting, Miss Seguin. Representative to the "Canadian Nurse" — Miss H. A. T. Wyman. Regular Monthly Meeting — Third Tuesday, 8 p.m. THE ALUMNA ASSOCIATION OF THE CHILDREN'S MEMORIAL HOS- PITAL TRAINING SCHOOL FOR NURSES, MONTREAL Hon. President, Miss J. Giflfen, Lady Supt., C. M. H.; President, Miss M. Wight, C. M. H.; Vice-President, Miss C. MacDonald; Treasurer, Mrs. Walcott, 47 Notre Dame St., Lachine; Secretary, Miss E. G. Alexander, C. M. A. Board of Directors — Miss Stafford, Miss M. Armour. "Canadian Nurse" Representative — Miss E. Morris. Regular meeting, 1st Friday of every second month, from May to June, 4 p.* m. THE ALUMNiE ASSOCIATION OF THE ROYAL VICTORIA HOSPITAL, MONTREAL, QUE. President, Miss Goodhue; First Vice-President, Miss Amelia Campbell; Second Vice-President, Miss Prescott; Recording Secretary, Mrs. E. Roberts, 438 Mt. Stephen Avenue, Westmount; Corresponding Secretary, Miss Prescott, Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal; Assistant Corresponding Secretaries, Misses Buck and Karn, R.V.H.; Treasurer, Miss M. Etter, R.V.H.; "Canadian Nurse" Representative, Miss L. O'Reilly, R.V.H. Sick Visiting Committee — Mrs. M. J. Bremner (Convener), 39 Linton Apartments, Sherbrook Street West; Mrs. Paul Johnston, 17 Hope Avenue: Mrs. Walter Stewart, 449 Sherbrooke Street West; Miss Whelan, 308 Drummond Street; Miss Gall, 100 Fort Street; Miss Eaton, 464 Union Avenue. Regular monthly meeting second Wednesday, 8 p.m. THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION OF THE WESTERN HOSPITAL, MONTREAL Hon. President, Miss J. Craig; President, Miss Ada Wilkinson; First Vice-Presi- dent, Mrs. H. F. McLean; Second Vice-President, Miss S. G. Maw; Treasurer, Miss J. Craig, Western Hospital, Montreal, Que.; Secretary, Miss B. A. Dyer, Western Hos- pital, Montreal, Que. Convener of Finance Committee — Mrs. Wm. Daw. Convener of Programme Committee — Miss Phillis Dean. Convener of Membership and Visiting Committee — Miss Edna Payne. Convener of General Nursing Committee — Miss B. A. Birch. Representative to "Canadian Nurse" — Miss E. Wright. THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION OF THE HOMEOPATHIC HOSPITAL. MONTREAL, QUE. Hon. President, Mrs. H. Pollock, Superintendent of Nurses' Homeopathic Hos- pital; President, Miss E. Routhier, 4 Oldfield Avenue; Vice-President, Miss J. Ryan, 306 Prince Arthur Street, West; Secretary, Miss D. W. Miller Tieasurer, Miss M. J. Boa, Homeopathic Hospital. Conveners of Committees— Finance, D. W. Miller; Sick Visiting, Misses Buchanan and Garrick. Representative to the "Canadian Nurse" — Miss M. Richards, Mansfield Street. Regular monthly meeting first Thursday at 8 p.m. 698 THE CANADIAN N URSE No. 400 The authorized Gov- ernment Uniform dur- ing the war. Of superior quality Dixie Cloth ; women's and misses' sizes. The Standard of Quality! Among Hospital officials ! Among particular nurses everywhere — Dix-Make Uniforms are the recognized standard! Through twenty years of sincere endeavor, of ahvays striving to develop better styles and more careful tailoring, the nursing profes- sion has ever looked to us for authentic, carefully made uniforms. The responsibility this achievement involves is reflected in the service- giving qualities each Dix-Make Uniform so satisfactorily renders. Sold by leading department stores nearly everywhere. Write us for catalogue and list of dealers. Henry A. Dix & Sons Company DIX BUILDING NEW YORK CITY T H t. CAN A Dl AN N U Rtit 699 THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION OF THE MONTREAL GENERAL HOS- PITAL, MONTREAL Hon. President, Miss Livingston; President, Miss E. Brown; First Vice-President, Miss Young; Second Vice-President, Miss Cowen; Recording Secretary, Miss Davies, M.G.H.; Corresponding Secretary, Miss MacDougall, 60 Sherbrooke Street, West; Treasurer, Miss Colley, 26 Melville Avenue; Treasurer Sick Benefit Fund, Miss Dunlop. Executive Committee — Miss F. M. Shaw, Miss L. M. McDermot, Miss Barrett, Miss Tedford, Miss Watling. Refreshment Committee — Miss Ross. Sick Visiting Committee — Miss J. Brown, Miss L. White, Miss G. Vipond, Miss A. E. Little, Miss Gwen Nicholls. Representative to "Canadian Nurse" — Miss Strumm. Local Council of Women — Miss Gass, Miss Briggs. Proxies: Mrs. Lamb, Miss Howard. Regular Meeting — Second Friday. LADY STANLEY INSTITUTE ALUMNAE, OTTAWA Hon. President, Miss Catton; Hon. President, Mrs. Warren Lyman; President, Miss A. McNiece; Vice-President, Miss Jessie Waddell; Secretary, Miss E. McGibbon; Treasurer, Miss Norma Dawson. Board of Directors — Mrs. Sutherland, Miss L. Belford, Miss M. Slinn. THE GRADUATE NURSES' ASSOCIATION OF ONTARIO INCORPORATED 1908 President, Miss Ella Jamieson, 5 Summerhill Gardens, Toronto; First Vice-Presi- dent, Miss M. Catton, Ottawa, Ont.; Second Vice-President, Mrs. A. C. Joseph, Lon- don, Ont.; Secretary-Treasurer, Miss Mary Irene Foy, 163 Concord Avenue, Toronto. Directors — Miss E. MacP. Dickson, Weston; Miss Hannah, Hamilton; Mrs. J. B. Bilger, Kitchener; Miss I. McElroy, Ottawa; Miss Whiting, Cornwall; Miss A. H. Nash, London; Miss B. Ellis, Toronto; Miss A. Davidson, Peterboro; Miss Cook, Toronto; Miss M. McLean, Ottawa; Miss H. Lovick, Kingston; Miss E. H. Dyke, Toronto; Miss C. Fairlie, Kingston; Miss M. Brennan, Hamilton; Miss M. Hall, Brant- ford; Miss K. Mathieson, Toronto; Miss A. Forgie, Guelph. THE KINGSTON CHAPTER OF THE GRADUATE NURSES' ASSOCIATION OF ONTARIO Chairman, Mrs. S. Crawford, 124 Division Street; Vice-Chairman, Miss Pearl Martin, 135 Nelson Street; Secretary-Treasurer, Miss Gertrude Murdock. Kingston General Hospital; Assistant Secretary-Treasurer, Mrs. F. Robinson, 302 Queen Street; Corresponding Secretary, Miss H. Lovick. 1.54 University Avenue. Regular Meeting — First Tuesday of everv second month. BRANTFORD GENERAL HOSPITAL A. A. President, Miss M. C. Hall; Vice-President, Miss M. W. McCulloch; Secretary, Miss G. Barrick; Treasurer, Miss D. Taylor. "Canadian Nurse" Representative — Miss C. P. Robinson. Regular Meeting — First Tuesday of each month, 4 p.m. KINGSTON GENERAL HOSPITAL ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION KINGSTON. ONT. Hon. President, Miss C. Boskill; President, Miss Pearl Martin, 135 Nelson Street, Kingston, Ont.; First Vice-President, Mrs. George Nichol; Second Vice-President, Miss Baker; Secretary, Miss C. Milton, 404 Brock Street, Kingston; Assistant Secre- tary, Mrs. S. Smith; Treasurer, Miss Florence Hiscock, 122 Collingwood Street, Kingston. "Canadian Nurse" Representative— Miss Eva Dalgleish, 30 Garrett Street, 700 T H E C AN ADI AN N URSE THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION OF THE WELLESLEY HOSPITAL TRAINING SCHOOL FOR NURSES, TORONTO President, Miss Hazel Maclnnis; Vice-President, Miss Marjorie Batclielor; Sec- retary-Treasurer, Miss Helen McCord, 14 Victor Ave., Toronto, telephone, Gerrard. 1210. Representatives to the Central Register, Misses Helen Carruthers and Mary Morrison. OFFICERS OF THE TORONTO GENERAL HOSPITAL ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION FOR 1919-1920 President, Miss E. MacP. Dickson; First Vice-President, Miss Hannant; Second Vice-President, Miss Lougheed; Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Vera Hughes Wallace, 39 Boswell Ave., Toronto (telephone, Hillcrest 1640 W); Recording Secretary, Miss Beal; Treasurers, Misses Chisholm and Mann; Directors, Mrs. Dresis and Misses Crosby and Lambie; Registry Representatives, Misses Gaskell and Fife; Representative "Canadian Nurse," Mrs. V. H. Aubin. THE ALUMNA ASSOCIATION OF THE TORONTO HOSPITAL FOR INCURABLES Honoary President, Mrs. A. A. Jackson, 338 Symington Avenue, Toronto; Presi- dent, Miss Esther M. Cook, Toronto Hospital for Incurables; Vice-President, .Miss Eva L.eQueyer; Secretary-1 reasurer, Miss Alice Lendrum, Hamilton; Press Representative, Miss J. McLean. 281 Sherbourne Street, Toronto. Regular Meeting — Third Monday, at 3 p.m. THE FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE ASSOCIATION OF TORONTO President, Miss E. Dyke, Department of Public Health, City Hall, Toronto; Vice- President, Miss J. Gunn, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto; Secretary, Miss H. Locke, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto; Treasurer, Miss MacCallum, 108 Avenue Road, Toronto. Directors — Miss Kinder, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto: Miss McAfee, the Western Hospital, Toronto; Miss Wardell, 295 Sherbourne Street, Toronto; Mrs. Bow- man, Women's College Hospital, Toronto; Miss Phillips, the Wellesley Hospital, Toronto; Miss E. Campbell, the Victorian Order of Nurses, Toronto; Miss Didsbury, 44 Charles Street, East, Toronto; Miss Forbes, 224 Wright Avenue, Toronto. THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION OF ST. MICHAEL'S HOSPITAL. TORONTO Hon. President — Rev. Mother Alberta; President, Miss Mary Irene Foy, 163 Concord Avenue: First Vice-President, Miss A. Dolan; Second Vice-President, Mis» K. Kennedy; Third Vice-President, Miss Helen G. O'Connor; Corresponding Secre- tary. Mrs. J. W. Chipperfield, 127 Spruce Hill Road; Recording Secretary. Miss C. McBride: Treasurer, Miss N. Gartlan. Board of Directors — Hon. Director, Sr. M. Mellany. Directors — Mrs. W. P. O'Brien, Miss Edith Atmore, Miss Mabel Power. Representatives on Central Registry Committee — Miss J. O'Connor. Secretary-Treasurer Sick Benefit — Miss A. Hurley. Press Representative — Miss J. Gibson. Regular Meeting — Second Monday of each month. THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION. HOSPITAL FOR SICK CHILDREN TRAIN- ING SCHOOL FOR NURSES, TORONTO President, Miss Grindlay; First Vice-President, Miss Jamieson; Second Vice- President, Mrs. Menzies; Corresponding Secretary, Miss Meiklejohn, 18 Willcox Street. Toronto; Treasurer, Mrs. Canniflf; Recording Secretary, Miss Hunter. Sick Visiting — Mrs. Boyer. Representative "Canadian Nurse" Magazine — Miss Haynes, Central Registry. T H E CAN ADI AN N U RSE 701 THE TORONTO WESTERN HOSPITAL ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION Hon. President, Miss Ellis; President, Mrs. Gilroy, 404 Spadina Avenue, Toronto; First Vice-President, Miss Anderson; Second Vice-President, Miss Boggs; Treasurer, Miss Shortreed, 'J'oronto Western Hospital; Recording Secretary, Miss Annan; Corre- sponding Secretary, Miss Ewart, 22 Henderson Avenue, Toronto; Representative to Canadian Xurse (articles), Miss Jessie Cooper, 497-a Bloor Street, Toronto; Subscrip- tions, Miss Margaret Campbell, 91 Beatrice Street, Toronto. Representatives Central Registry — Miss Cooney, Miss Kneeshaw, Miss B Campbell. Visiting Committee — Mrs. Yorke, Mrs. MacConnell. Programme Committee — Miss S. Jackson, Convener. Knitting Committee — Miss Hornsby, Convener, 691 Spadina Avenue. Directors — Mrs. MacConnell, Mrs. Yorke, Mrs. Valentine, Mrs. Weehaufer. Treasurer Alumnae War Fund — Mrs. Valentine, 55 Lakeview Avenue, Toronto. The Association meets First Friday each alternate month. THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION OF THE WOMEN'S COLLEGE HOSPITAL, TORONTO, ONTARIO Honorary President, Mrs. H. M. F. Bowman, R. N.; President, Mrs. Alex. Buchanan; Vice-President, Miss Sarah Glenn; Corresponding Secretary, Miss Lavina Ament; Recording Secretary, Miss Miriam Spademan; Treasurer, Miss Kathleen Grattan; Executive Committee, Miss Sanftenburg and Miss Neame, with above officers. THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION OF GRACE HOSPITAL, TORONTO Hon. President, Miss Rowan, Superintendent of Nurses, Grace Hospital; Presi- dent, Miss F. Emory; First Vice-President, Miss M. E. Henderson; Second Vice- President, Miss F. C. Whellans; Treasurer, Mrs. J. M. Aitken, 409 West Marion Street; .Corresponding Secretary, Miss Margaret MacKinnon, 375 Huron Street; Re- cording Secretary, Miss M. Greer. Representative to the "Canadian Nurse" — Miss M. E. Henderson, 149 Howland Avenue. Conveners of Committees — Social, Miss McKeown; Press Publication, Miss Pearen; Sick, Miss Morin. Representative to Central Registry — Misses Edge and Cunningham. Board of Directors — Misses Rowan, Devellin, Pearen, Segsworth, Elsie Reid and Cunningham. Regular Monthly Meeting — Second Tuesday, 8 p.m. THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION, TORONTO FREE HOSPITAL TRAINING SCHOOL FOR NURSES, WESTON, ONT. Hon. President, Miss E. MacP. Dickson; President, Miss Jean Bryden, 550 Ger- rard Street, East. Toronto; Vice-President, Miss U. Leroux; Secretary, Miss Mabel Avery, Toronto Free Hospital, Weston; Treasurer, Miss Cora Beckwith, Toronto Free Hospital, Weston. Regular Meetings — Second Friday of each alternate month. THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION OF THE TORONTO ORTHOPEDIC HOSPITAL TRAINING SCHOOL FOR NURSES Hon. President, Miss E. MacLean, Toronto Orthopedic Hospital; President, Mrs. A. W. McClennan, 436 Palmerston Boulevard, Toronto; Vice-President, Mrs. H. V. Maynard; Secretarj^-Treasurer and Press Representative, Mrs. W. J. Smithers, 71 Grenville Street, Toronto. Representatives to Central Registry — Mrs. H. J. Knight and Miss Marjory Bed- ford. Regular Meeting — Fourth Thursday of each alternate month at 3 p.m. 702 THE CAN ADIAN N URSE OFFICERS OF ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION OF ST. JOHN'S HOSPITAL, TORONTO Hon. President, Sister Beatrice, Superintendent; President, Miss Burnett; Vice- President, Miss F. M. Elliott; Secretary, Miss Price; Treasurer, Miss Haslett. Press Representative — Aliss Hutchins. Representatives to Central Registry — Miss Bruce and Miss Hutchins. THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION OF ST. JOSEPH'S HOSPITAL, GUELPH, ONT. Hon. President, Mother M. Thecla; Hon. Director, Sister ]\L Dosethcu<: Presi- 'lent. ATiss M. O'SuUivan: Vice-President, Miss R. Henry: Secretary. Miss U. O'Sul- livan: Treasurer, Miss A. Boyd. Officers for Sick Benefit Fund: President. Miss M. Burke: Vice-President. Mrs. Hanlon: Secretary. Mi = s B. Bracy; Treasurer, Miss I. Forwell; Directors, Misses Î.IcQuillan. Burns. Spitzig. Holmes. Regular Meeting— First Friday of each month. HAMILTON CHAPTER OF THE GRADUATE NURSES' ASSOCIATION OF ONTARIO Chairman, Miss Edith Taylor, Strathcona Apmts., Sherman Avenue, South: Treas- urer, Miss A. McGinnity, 807 King Street, East: Secretary, Miss M. Alice Beckett, R.N., "Sunnyside," S. Garth Street; First Vice-President, Miss Anne Cameron, 78 Ontario Avenue; Second Vice-President, Miss J. Elliot, Brennon Apmt., Main Street, East. Committee — Miss Ainslie, Dominion Apmts.; Miss A. Egan, 807 King Street, East; Miss Barclay, 113 Sanford Avenue, South; Miss Ashbaugh, 447 King Street, East; Miss Roadhouse, 522 King Street, East. Meetings — Fourth Wednesday, 8 p.m., of every second month, beginning in January, but omitting July. THE ALUMN.ûlE ASSOCIATION OF ST. JOSEPHS HOSPITAL, HAMILTON Hon. President. Mother M. St. Basil: Hon. Director. Sister M. Gerard; Presi- dent, Miss G. Boyes. 17 East Avenue, South; Vice-President. Miss M. Aîaloney; Recording Secretary', ^îiss E. Dermody, 157 Catharine Street; Corresponding Secre- tary, Miss E. McClarty, 92 Hunter Street, West; Treasurer. Miss A. Brohman, 92 Hunter Street, West. "The Canadian Nurse" Representative — Miss M. Nally, 213 Cannon Street, East. Representative on Central Registry — Miss M. Grant. Entertainment Committee — Misses L. Furey, M. McClarty and M. La HoflF. Executive Committee — Misses H. Fagan, É. Cahill, H. Carroll, N. Finn and F. Clarke. Sick Visiting Committee — Misses H. Carroll and F. Clarke. Regular Meeting — First Tuesday, 4 p.m. THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION OF THE HAMILTON CITY HOSPITAL TRAINING SCHOOL FOR NURSES Hon. President, Miss Fairley, H.G.H.: President. Mrs. G. H. O'Brien. 170 Cath- arine Street. North; Vice-President, Miss B. Aitken, 244 Main Street, East: Secretary, Miss P.arclay, W^ Sanford .-Vvenue, South; Treasurer, Miss Pegg, 120 East Ave., South; Corresponding Secretary, Miss Lovk^e, 336 Cannon Street; Canadian Nurse Correspon- dent, Miss Burnett, 131 Stinson Street. Executive Committee — Miss M. Aitken, Miss O. Beatty. Miss Sadler, Miss M. E. Dunlop, Miss Newbigging. Representatives to National Council of Women — Miss E. Taylor, Miss B. Aitken, Mrs. Newson. Sick Committee — Miss A. P. Kerr, Miss M. E. Dunlop. Mrs. Reynolds. Miss Burnett. Representatives to Central Registry — Miss Burnett, Mrs. Reynolds. Miss Road- house, Miss A. P. Kerr. T H E CAN ADI AN N U RSE 703 ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION OF THE BRANTFORD GENERAL HOSPITAL Hon. President, Miss M. Forde, R.N., Superintendent of the General Hospital; President, Mrs. R. Millard, 154 William Street; Vice-President, Miss C. Good, City; Secretary, Miss C. P. Robinson, General Hospital; Assistant Secretary, Miss Edith Jones, 255 Greenwich Street; Treasurer, Miss G. Leslie, 6 Peel Street. "Canadian Nurse" Representative — Miss M. C. Hall, General Hospital. Regular Meeting on the first Tuesday of every month, at 3.30 p.m., in the Nurses' Residence. BELLEVILLE GENERAL HOSPITAL ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION (Affiliated Members of G. N. A. of Ontario) Hon. President, Miss Green, Superintendent; President, Mrs. C. K. Graham, 642 Shaw Street, Toronto; Hon. Vice-President, Mrs. Gordon Jones. Pueblo, Colorado; Vice-President, Miss H. O. Stacey, Hamilton, Montana; Acting Vice-President, Mrs. Leavens. 170 George Street, Belleville, Ont.; Secretary-Treasurer, Miss E. G. Green, 71 Everett Street, Belleville, Ont. Advisory Board — Miss Morrison, Miss Martin, Mrs. Bush, Mrs. Fitzgerald, Miss Howard. Entertainment Committee — Mrs. Worrell, Mrs. Leavens, Miss Morrison, Mrs. Cooper. Meetings — First Tuesday in each month. THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION. RIVERDALE HOSPITAL. TORONTO President, Miss Golay, 142 Ellsworth Avenue; Vice-President, Miss McNeill, 82 Gloucester Street; Secretary, Miss Alice Kirk, Riverdale Hospital; Treasurer, Miss Frances Schoales, 3 Withrow Avenue. Executive Committee, Misses Jessie Xaives and Elizabeth Miller; Conveners of Committees, Miss Love, Sick and Visiting; Miss Honey, Programme. Representatives on Central Registry— Misses Goloy and Maude Thompson. Representative on "Canadian Nurse"— Norme V. Schoales. Regular Meeting — First Thursday every second month, 8 p.m. ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION OF THE MACK TRAINING SCHOOL. GENERAL AND MARINE HOSPITAL. ST. CATHARINES. ONT. Hon. President, Miss Uren. G. and M. Hospital, St. Catharines. Ont.; President, Mrs. Parnell, 124 Lake Street, St. Catharines; First Vice-President. Miss Annie Moyer. Queenston Street; Second Vice-President, Mrs. McGowan, 2 Lyman Street; Secretary. Miss Caroline Freel, G. and M. Hospital; Treasurer, Mrs. W. Durham, R. R. No. 4, St. Catharines. "Canadian Nurse" Representative — Miss A. J. Gransmore, 2 Lyman Street. Programme Committee — Miss Merle McCormack, Miss Annie Moyer, Miss Vera Calvert. Regular Monthly Meeting — Last Tuesday, 2.30 p.m. THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION OF THE AMASA WOOD HOSPITAL TRAIN- ING SCHOOL FOR NURSES. ST. THOMAS. ONTARIO President, Miss Anabell Nicol, 91 Kains Street; Vice-President, Miss Ruth Mackey, 91 Kains Street; Recording and Corresponding Secretary, Miss Pearl Dean, 5 Naama Street; Treasurer, Miss Sadie Coulthard, 20 Hughes Street. Executive Committee — Misses Cook, Malcolm, Bennett, Crane and Mills. Representative to "Canadian Nurse" — Miss Myrtle Bennett, 71 Hincks Street. Regular Meeting — Second Wednesday, 8 p.m. THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION OF THE WOODSTOCK GENERAL HOSPITAL TRAINING SCHOOL FOR NURSES Hon. President, Miss Frances Sharpe; President, Miss M. H. Mackay, R.N.; Vice- President, Mrs. J. B. Coleridge; Recording Secretary, Miss Annie Hill; Assistant Sec- retarj'. Miss Annie McLean; Corresponding Secretary, Miss Agnes Weston; Treasurer, Miss Evelyn Peers; Assistant Treasurer, Miss Vida Burns. Representatives to NationaT Council of Women — Miss M. H. Mackay, R.N., Miss W. Huggins, Miss Annie Hill. Regular Alonthly Meeting — Second Monday, 8 p.m. 704 THE CANADIAN NURSE Quotations from Doctors: No. 7 "The majority of cases of pneumonia, in my experience of thirty years medical practice, have had more or less pleuritic comphcations. **1 presume this is the experience of my colleagues. '^^"The most grateful application that can be made to a patient suffering with pneumonia is a warm poultice under a moderately firm binder or jacket. Its action is, first through the superficial vessels, and then more slowly but just as efficiently on the deeper congested parts." J. A. H., M.D. NEW YORK CITY. N.Y. The Denver Chemical Manufacturing Company MONTREAL T HE CAN ADI AN N V RSE 705 THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION OF VICTORIA HOSPITAL TRAINING SCHOOL FOR NURSES, LONDON. ONTARIO Hon. President, Miss M. Stanley, Superintendent of Nurses, Victoria Hospital; President, Miss D. Hutchison, Victoria Hospital; First Vice-President, Miss Agnes Malloch, 784 Colborne Street: Second Vice-President, Miss Ina Bice, Victoria Hos- pital; Secretary, Miss Beatrice Smith, 95 High Street; Treasurer, Mrs. Walter Cummins, 95 High Street. "Canadian Nurse" Representative — Mrs. A. C. Joseph, 449 Oxford Street. Advisory Committee — Misses Mortimer, Cockburn and Barons. Programme Committee — Mrs. Allison, Misses Shannon and Luckham. Regular Monthly Meeting — First Tuesday, 8 p.m. THE TORONTO CHAPTER OF THE GRADUATE NURSES' ASSOCIATION OF ONTARIO President, Mrs. Smithers, Pensax Court; Vice-President, Miss Teeter, 496 Dover- court Road (P. 6554); Corresponding Secretary, Miss Butchart, Room 308, City Hall (M. 16: C. 4684); Recording Secretary, Miss Ferriman, 74 Herbert Avenue (B. 3152); Treasurer, Miss Haslett, 48 Howland Avenue (C. 3617); Convener and Committee, Miss Batchelor, 191 Westminster Avenue (P. 1019); Press and Publication, Mi?s Goodman, 11 Maple (M. 1539); Representative. Miss Kinder, Hospital Sick Children; Local Council, Mrs. Blakely, 233 Delaware Avenue. Social and Programme — Miss Meader, 258 St. Clarens; Miss Moore, Miss Gas- trell (K. 1709-J). Legislation Representative — From Women's College Hospital, Mrs. Blarnent, 26 Alhambra Avenue (J. 8291). THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION OF ST BONIFACE HOSPITAL. ST. BONIFACE, MANITOBA Hon. President, Rev. Sister Arcand, St. Boniface Hospital; President, Mrs. Mc- Leod, 40 Westgate; First Vice-President, Miss A. C. Starr, 7?3 Wolseley Avenue; Second Vice-President, Mrs. Chalmers, 852 McDermot Avenue; Secretary, Miss Mc- Wannacott, 486 Clifton Avenue; Treasurer, Miss Sykes, 753 Wolseley Avenue. Convener of Social Committee — Miss Stella Gordon, 251 Stradbrooke Avenue. Convener of Sick Visiting Committee — Miss Mary Dillion, 852 McDermott Ave. Regular Monthly Meeting — Second Wednesday, 8 p.m. MANITOBA ASSOCIATION OF GRADUATE NURSES President, Miss Elizabeth Carruthers, 535 McMillan Avenue; First Vice-President, Miss Ethel Gilroy, 674 Arlington; Corresponding Secretary, Louise Spratt, 371 College Avenue; Recording Secretary, Miss M. Martin. King George Hospital, Winnipeg; Treasurer, Miss Florence Robertson, 753 Wolsley Avenue. THE GRADUATE NURSES' ASSOCIATION OF BRANDON Hon. President, Miss Birtles; President, Mrs. S. J. Pierce. 1608 Louise Avenue, Brandon; Vice-President, Miss Hulbert; Secretary, Miss Margaret Gemmell, 346 Twelfth Street, Brandon. Convener of Social Committee — Mrs. Lawson Ferrier, 525 Sixteenth street. Convener of Registration Committee — Miss C. MacLeod. Press Representative — Miss M. Finlayson. SAS' .xCHEWAN REGISTERED NURSES' ASSOCIATION Incorporated March, 1917 Council — President, Miss Jean Urquhart, Regina, Sask ; Vice-President, Sister Allaire, Regina, Sask. Councillors — Mi«s Jean Browne, Regina, Sask.; Miss Grainger Campbell. Saska- toon, Sask.; Dr. Charlton, Regina, Sask.; Dr. Argue, Grenfell, Sask.; Secretary and Registrar, Miss Jean Wilson, General Hospital, Moose Jaw, Sask. / ?06 THE CANADIAN NURSE ALBERTA ASSOCIATION OF GRADUATE NURSES Incorporated April 19, 1916 President. Miss Victoria I. Winslow, R.N., Superintendent of Nurses, General fîospital, Medicine Hat: First Vice-President, Miss Christine Smith. R.N., Superin- tendent of Provincial Public Health Nurses, Edmonton; Second Vice-President, Miss I. ^î. Edy, R.N.. Superintendent of Nurses, General Hospital. Calgary; Secretary- Treasurer and Registrar, Miss Eleanor McPhedran, R.N. , Col. Belcher Military Hos- pital, Eighth Avenue, West, Calgary. Councillors — Mrs. Manson, R.N., Miss McMillan, R.N., Miss E. Rutherford, R.N THE EDMONTON GRADUATE NURSES' ASSOCIATION President, Mrs. Manson; First Vice-President, Miss Macmillan; Second Vice- President, Miss Gould; Treasurer, Miss McGillivray; Secretary, Miss Irving, R. A. Hospital. Regular Monthly Meeting — Third Wednesday, 3.30 p. m. OFFICERS OF THE GRADUATE NURSES' ASSOCIATION OF BRITISH COLUMBIA President, Miss Jessie MacKenzie; First Vice-President, Mrs. M. E. Johnston; Second Vice-President, ; Secretary, Miss E. G. Breeze, 125 Vancouver Block, Vancouver, B.C.; Registrar, Miss Helen Randal, 125 Vancouver Block, Vancouver, B.C. Councillors — Misses Tolmie, Boultbee, Stott, McAllister, Johns and Judge. Obstetric Nursinq npHE CHICAGO LTING-IN HOSPITAL offert a four-months' post-graduate ^ courte in obttetric nuriinc to ^raduatet of accredited training schools connected with general hospitali, giring not lest than two years' training. The courte compritea practical and didactic work in the hospital and practical work in the Out Department connected with it. On the satisfactory completion of the service a certificate it given the nurte. Board, room and laundry are furnithed and an allowance of $io.oo per month to cover incidental ezpente. Affiliationt with accredited Training Schoolt are desired, as follows: A four-months' courte to be given to pupils of accredited training schools asso- ciated with general hospitals. Only pupilt who have completed their surgical training can be accepted. Pupil nursea receive board, room and laundry and an allowance of $5.00 per month. ADDRESS; Chicago Lyîng*în Hospital and Dispensary 426 East 51st Street. emeHGO THE CANADIAN NURSE 707 One of the Largest Merchant Fleets in the World THE magnificent fleet of "tankers" of the Standard Oil Co. (New Jersey) is able to bring the finest raw materials for use in the manufacture of Nujol from all corners of the earth. of every viscosity from a water-like fluid to a jelly. The viscosity of Nujol was determined after ex- haustive research and clinical test, and is in strict accord with the opinions of leading med- ical authorities. The expert chemists of Sample and literature the Nujol Laboratories based on the writings of of the Standard Oil Co. Sir Arbuthnot Lane and (New Jersey) have been able to produce abso- lutely pure Li- quid Petrolatum other eminent authorities will be sent gratis. Mail coupon be- low. Nujol Laboratories, Standard Oil Co. (New Jersey), 44 Beaver Street, Room 778, New York. Please send booklets marked, G "ON A CASE" (Especially prepared for the Nurse) The following booklets may also be of interest to the Nurse : n "Thirty Feet of Danger" t ^ "Th<= Days That Go Before (Constipation — auto-intoxicauoii in adults) (Constipation in pregnancy and nursmg period) n "As the Twig is Bent" -\ "As the Shadows Lengthen" D "Wages of Neglect (Constipation in children) (Constipation in old age) (Constipation as a cause of piles) LJ Also Sample Name Address 708 THE CANADIAN NURSE The widespread employment of the preparation in the treatment of anomalies of the menstrual function rests on the unqualified indorsement of physiciems whose superior knowl- edge of the relative value of agents of this class stands unimpeached. By virtue of its impressive analgesic and antispaismodic action on the female reproduc- tive system and its property of promoting functional activity of the uterus and its ap- pendages, Ergoapiol (Smith) is of extraordin- ary service in the treatment of amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea Menorrhagia, metrorrhagia <f^f-^h:ii:A^'^<S:^:^f?>^^i>?":i i¥:ïj^^/^;^/^^-^ m ERGOAPIOL (Smith) is supplied only in packages containing twenty capsules. DOSE : One to two capsules three or four times a day. •> ' ' Samples and literature sent on request. MARTIN H. SMITH COMPANY, New York, N. Y., U. 5. A. Nurses know it's a dependable aid- to the rapid recovery of convalescents — young and old BOVININE The Food Tonic ''j'e under the same formtila since 1873. The use o£ BOVININE augments trerve and muscular energy. It rap- Ldly rebuilds by suppiyiiig- the impoverished system with the éléments demanded BOVININE is not a bee£ extract — it's a positive blood maker and body builder. Recommended by physicians, surgeons and nurses for almost 50 years Literature and samples to nurses THE BOVININE COMPANY, 75 West Houston St., NEW YORK An Aid in Convalescence *|JORLICK'S " is Glean, saft and de- ll pendable. Its quality assures service and results. Fats, protelds, carbohydrates and salts are pro- perly proportioned and In easily as- similated form to prog:ressively build up the patient. SAMPLES SENT UPON REQUEST Horlick's Malted Milk Co. Imoina, Wis. Slouch, Bucks, En^. Montrsal, Can HPRLICKI lO» ^^^ '^OCOOKIWC OR MILK REQl"^ PRICE. SO CENTS ^^ffUCKS MALTED ^Al»-^ CO.. ; Hwo Important FEATURES Unlosable Washer (Cannot Drop Off) Pleat AH Around (Cfv«s Ur^ Cdpacit^) - J pLL "Meinecke" Ice Bags are fitted with our /^JL^ patented Unlosable Washer and have a pleat all the way round to give extra capacity. These Ice Bags are made of our well known Maroon Rubber which will not get hard, soît, crack or peel off, and they can be depended upon to give the maximum Ice Bag service, either from the viewpoint of durability or utility. P^ Progress Oblonrg Ice Bag. Size 7x11 . Made of Cloth-Inserted Maroon Rubber. The best all-around ice Cap made. g Perfection Ice Bags. Made in three sizes, namely, small, 5x9, medium, 6x1 I . large, 7x 1 3 inches. The upper part is made of Cloth- Inserted Maroon Rubber, and the lower part of all Rubber Stock. The box-like pleats permit this Bag to assume a square shape when filled. Q Army and Navy Combination Ice Bags and Helmets. Made in two sizes, namely, large size, (for adults) 12Î4 inches in diameter, small size. 10 inches in diameter. Made of Cloth- Inserted Maroon Rubber. This is an unusually good Ice Bag for use in fever cases, as the ice can be centered over the base of the brain. Loops are provided for tying on, in case the patient is delirious. This Ice Cap can be flattened out to form a large round Ice Bag, for use when a large area is desired to be covered, especially over the chest or abdomen. [) Progress Throat Ice Bags. Made of Cloth-Inserted Maroon Rubber in two sizes, namely, small size, 10 inches, large size, 12 inches. For application to the throat or head. £ Face and Ear Bags. Made in one size only, of all Rubber Stock, for use on the forehead, back of the ear or back of neck and over the head. This Bag can be used for either Ice or Hot Water. For tying on purposes this Bag is provided witli a linen bandage which fits over the Cap MEINECKE &'0a Aéu/ York. -■ "MEINECKt'vy-w.tM''»- rOR ICE FACE «.EAR V^,> ...OR ., bag' ~ ! ■ HOTWATEf E— Face and Ear Bag.